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New home network / server build?

Ok so just an FYI about me.  I know just enough about building PC's to get my self in trouble.  When it comes to networking and stuff like that I know almost nothing and my biggest issues is picking motherboards and video cards.

I have gutted a bedroom and am making it a home office and installing a network cabinet with a 48 port switch. I Will have 5 computers connected to it 4 tv's PS4's and so on everything will get internet that way im hoping.  So my server will be my Plex server and storage for all the PC's.  

I have a old NZXT Phantom Case I will be putting it in.


The parts I have Picked so far are:


Processor = AMD Ryzen 5 3600 (should be able to handle what ever I toss at it.) ( I could go with Intell i59600k same price and can use on board graphics so don't need video card. What MB to get though?)


Motherboard = Asus TUF gaming B550-Plus (I picked for the 6 sata ports and the 2.5Gb Lan)


Ram = Corsair 32Gb


Power  Supply = Seasonic Prime PX-850 Platinum (Went with Platinum for Efficiency) 


Storage = 6 Western Digital Red 6Tb Drives In Raid 6 Will depend on what is the better price at time of purchase.


Boot Drive = Will be M.2 Currently undecided but will also use for Plex data directory  might split and use one for boot and one for plex MB can take 2 if I remember correctly.


Now for the questions.  

1. Will this Mb work for what i want to use it for?

2. Is the ram the correct speed and type?

3. Is raid 6 the way to go? I like the redundancy of being able to loose 2 disk. I was thinking of getting a external to do backups to and keeping it off site just in case.

4. What Operating system do i use? my plan was to just use windows since i have never used anything else. But I have been watching things on unraid and it sounds good I like that I can just add drives when ever needed and can just do one        at a time of any size but does not sound secure. If I do backups will it matter much? 

5.Speaking of adding hard drives. Only 6 sata ports do i use them for a raid 6 or get some type of card to do it? (here is where i am completely lost?)   if i want to add in the future i know they have sata ports on a m.2 is that worth it? even then i need a port for a SSD to take place of the m.2 i am using? This is very complicated to many options. Ill end it here and see how it goes.






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These types of questions are messy because it always depends on use case.


The hardware is fine for Plex, I'm bump to 64 GB of ram and use a RAMdisk for transcoding cache to preserve the life of your SSD's. It also improves performance slightly but that is really a secondary consideration.


For network storage box I'd get a motherboard with at least 2X PCIEx16 and at least an PCIEx8 if possible. Reason for that is to allow a single RAID/HBA card and an additional network adapter if you want 10gbe down the road. I've generally found the X1 slots useless for anything other then 1gbe ethernet adapters.

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Thanks for the information I will look into additional PCIE slots. I will have to look up what a RAMdisk is that is a new one for me.

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Id go i5 10400 here, then you don't have to worry about video card as it already built in.


Don't get wd reds, there smr and suck in raid arrays. Id shuck some 12tb externals, cheaper per tb, and then more room for expansion, and less power. If you want nas rated drives, get ironwolfs or red plus drives.



Id give unraid a shot for the os.


Id don't see a big reason to have a ssd for unraid here, plex really doesn't need much io.



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I'd second considering UnRAID, It makes for a fantastic Plex box that's easy to manage. It can install to a USB and runs in memory, so just a small 8GB USB3.0 stick would suffice for installing UnRAID. 


You can run Plex in a docker straight in UnRAID which is extremely easy to setup with the Intel iGPU using the linuxserver.io docker container. 


Consider using an SSD for your "Docker & VM" path, this will put your Plex metadata (appdata) on the NVMe drive which is a good idea to keep your Plex Server responsive. 


As for transcoding, i'd transcode direct to RAM. UnRAID by default has /dev/shm which is a shared memory space which will allocate half your memory to be available. When you create the Plex Docker container, you can map /dev/shm to /transcode; then in Plex set the transcoding path to /transcode. You most certainly don't need 64GB of memory for just a Plex server. 32GB is plenty which will make up to 16GB available to Plex transcoding. Plex has a lot of intelligence and splits the transcodes into chunks. If transcoding gets full, it will discard the oldest chunks first. 


Desktop: Ryzen 7 2700x | Aorus X470 Gaming Ultra | EVGA RTX2080 Super | 32GB (4x8GB) Corsair Vengeance RGB Pro 3200Mhz | Corsair H105 AIO, NZXT Sentry 3 | Corsair SP120's | 1TB Crucial P1 NVMe, 4TB WD Black | Phanteks Enthoo Pro | Corsair RM650v2 PSU | LG 32" 32GK850G Monitor | Ducky Shine 3 Keyboard, Logitech G502, MicroLab Solo 7C Speakers, Razer Goliathus Extended, X360 Controller | Windows 10 Pro | SteelSeries Siberia 350 Headphones



Server 1: Fractal Design Define R6 | Ryzen 3950x | ASRock X570 Taichi | EVGA GTX1070 FTW | 64GB (4x16GB) Corsair Vengeance LPX 3000Mhz | Corsair RM650v2 PSU | Fractal S36 Triple AIO | 10 x 8TB HGST Ultrastar He10 (WD Whitelabel) | 500GB Aorus Gen4 NVMe | 2 x 1TB Crucial P1 NVMe | LSI 9211-8i HBA


Server 2: Corsair 400R | IcyDock MB998SP & MB455SPF | Seasonic Focus Plus 650w PSU | 2 x Xeon X5650's | 48GB DDR3-ECC | Asus Z8NA-D6C Motherboard | AOC-SAS2LP-MV8 | LSI MegaRAID 9271-8i | RES2SV240 SAS Expander | Samsung 840Evo 120GB | 5 x 8TB Seagate Archives | 10 x 3TB WD Red


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Aren't those new red drive a stay away at all costs item? Being that the drives may be SMR? Or did WD finally come  clean and publiclly let everyone know what drives are what?

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