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Type of CPU for Linux Machine?

I do most of my gaming and productivity on an Alienware r17, but I've got some money lying around and want to build a Linux Machine because there's a good few things I do that require Linux, and I'm a pretty competent maker so I plan on making a custom case and doing a mini itx build. 

 

What direction should I go in for CPU? I know for compiling and the like I'm after multi-threaded performance, but what's the best route? I plan to spend around 300-400$ on the components, and wondering what route I should take; something like a 12th gen i3, or an older used i7? I plan to spend around 300-400$ on the components not counting custom materials for the case. Picking a CPU is the part I am least confident on. I want the best performance I can get of course, but to be fair a lot of this build is just for fun 😄 NOT a gaming machine, might use it for media but don't need to crank out those high single core clocks or blazing FPSs.

 

any help appreciated!! 

 

 

 

Budget (including currency): 300-400 USD

Country: USA

Games, programs or workloads that it will be used for: just a Linux Machine, maybe some media

Other details building a custom case! Plan to use a modular power supply just to make that easier but might not if it hurts my budget too much.

 

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Budget: AMD Ryzen 7 1700 (used, Aliexpress)

Mid-range: AMD R7 3700/5700 (new or used)

High performance: AMD Threadripper

Hard-core: AMD EPYC 3151 SoC (server-grade stuff, usually integrated on a mainboard already, Asrock Rack and Gigabyte have suitable boards)

 

Alternatives include R5 4600G and R7 4750G (both APU's) if you don't (want to) spend money on a GPU.

"You don't need eyes to see, you need vision"

 

(Faithless, 'Reverence' from the 1996 Reverence album)

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"Linux machine" is a very broad term. That could be anything from a Ryzen 9 5900X spending its life doing crazy shit with Arch right on down to Puppy Linux on a Pentium II.

bang bang go the dropping frames, man

wipe all the Macs that don't agree

max out the settings at 4K now

a 3090's what I need

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The i3 12100 is the budget king right now, surpassing all previous gen budget build options unlike what was the case in previous years.

It outperforms the immediate go-to, which is an i5 a few generations old to get cheap from the office lease cycle systems like the i5 8500/9500. It’s better than the i5 9500

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Low end modern i3 with iGPU.

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You can squeak in around there with an i3 1200 and the lowest tier SFX PSU Silverstone has (I assume you'd want an SFX PSU if the point is to be SFF) and already have a drive to use for boot: 

 

PCPartPicker Part List: https://pcpartpicker.com/list/DFhbwc

CPU: Intel Core i3-12100 3.3 GHz Quad-Core Processor  ($129.98 @ B&H) 
Motherboard: Gigabyte Z690I AORUS ULTRA LITE DDR4 (rev. 1.0) Mini ITX LGA1700 Motherboard  ($150.99 @ Newegg) 
Memory: Silicon Power GAMING 16 GB (2 x 8 GB) DDR4-3200 CL16 Memory  ($46.99 @ Amazon) 
Power Supply: Silverstone SX300-B 300 W 80+ Bronze Certified SFX Power Supply  ($67.78 @ Amazon) 
Total: $395.74
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available
Generated by PCPartPicker 2022-07-05 17:52 EDT-0400

 

If you don't have a drive you can get a cheap ADATA or SK Hynix SSD for ~$30, they're usually fine for linux box tinkering unless you have a need for more space.

Intel HEDT and Server platform enthusiasts: Intel HEDT Xeon/i7 Megathread 

 

Current Rig

Spoiler

i7 6950X - EVGA X99 Classified - 4x8GB 3200Mhz CL16 DDR4 - 2060 Super FE - 1TB 970 Evo + 1TB MX500 - LG WH14NS40 BluRay Drive - EVGA 1000W G3 - Corsair Air 540 - Noctua iPPC NF-A14 3000 (rear) + 3x Noctua NF-P12 redux-1700 PWM (radiator) - LG 27UK650-W (27" 4K60hz) - Custom CPU/GPU Loop w/single 360mm rad - Windows 10

Project Rig (WIP)

Spoiler

Xeon I forgot the name of - NH-L12S - EVGA X99 Micro 2 - 4x4GB 2800MHz DDR4 - WX2100 2GB - 256GB 960 Evo - Flex-ATX PSU - Old Dell OEM case - Noctua 80mm fans - probably will be Windows or Ubuntu

 

Daily Devices: 2015 15" MacBook Pro (Work Laptop) - iPhone 13 Pro Max - Apple Watch Series 3 (if I don't forget to put it on) || Other Misc Devices: iPod Classic 5th Gen 30GB- iPod Classic 7th Gen 80GB - Nintendo Switch - Switch Lite - Wii U

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