Could be a power overload and fry out of the USB HD Hub/HD docking station -though a rarity it would be -it is possible.
Never should use a different adapter than the one that came with the said device.
Would it not just be easier to remove the hard drive from the enclosure and then plug it in like a normal hard drive to the computer and use along with the main drive?
Also removing your main drive -if it is the only drive in the system -would mean there is no operating system in the computer.
Though I don't know if not having a hard drive connected to the motherboard via sata connection would mean the system would not boot up.
ok so i did the second paragraph. anyways i figured it out.
there is a diode your next the the sata power connection on the back of the PCB the was blown out by using the wrong power adapter.
to fix this i was going to just desolder it and it should just be able to turn on long enough for me to get my data off of it. sadly this did not work for the diode isn't just simply soldered on to the board. instead i just ordered a new PCB from https://www.onepcbsolution.com/ my PCB model number is 2060-800039-P1 and thankfully they had the right replacement for me. only thing i have to do (and i opted into this, they offer to do this for you) swap the bios chip over. im doing this myself because i feel it gives my the perfect reason to research and learn how solder.