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Mystical Kimchi

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  1. Frankly if you just want to browse the web and stream music, I would recommend FreeBSD (or maybe GhostBSD which gives a nice OOTB desktop installation) rather than Linux because I have found that it gives better performance than Linux on low-end hardware. But whether you go with Linux or BSD, the desktop environment makes a bigger difference than distro when it comes to resource usage. I'm a big fan of KDE Plasma 5 which is resource-efficient, but LXQt or Enlightenment are lighter-resource desktop environments if you need something even lighter. Oh, and if you do go with FreeBSD, you'll probably want to use UFS instead of ZFS for the filesystem due to the low amount of RAM. ZFS will work, but some features like caching will be disabled.
  2. Yes. You can have both OSes installed simultaneously -- either on separate partitions or on separate disks if you have multiple disks installed. I've been in the Gentoo camp for a long time now. The thing about Gentoo is that you compile almost all software on the system from source. That makes the system easy to customize and optimize. Running Gentoo also helped me get a much better understanding of the inner workings of software and how different components of the system interact with each other. Gentoo isn't for everyone, but it will definitely give the user some valuable experience that won't be gained from other distros that do everything for you. In any case, I highlight Gentoo, but in a more general sense I like the fact that compilers and other software development tools tend to be more...I don't know if "integrated" is the right word, but more at home as a part of the system instead of feeling like a tack-on as in Windows. As a developer, I think you'll gain an appreciation for how other operating systems do things, and you'll be better equipped to write software that is multiplatform instead of being locked into a single (Windows) ecosystem and be ignorant of how to write code that is easily portable across platforms. By the same token, I'd recommend getting some experience with FreeBSD too. It has been said that FreeBSD is engineered whereas Linux evolves. There are definitely differences in ideology which are reflected in the technology, and seeing those different ways of doing things can help you gain a more well-rounded understanding of technology and software design.
  3. Frankly Linux has matured to the point that the gaming experience is often just as good as on Windows unless you're trying to run a Windows game that just doesn't work correctly under Wine yet.
  4. Although I personally don't like Gnome 3, it now has parental controls built in. It may be worth checking into and switching to that DE if you need those kinds of features.
  5. Frankly the distro doesn't make that much difference. The choice of desktop environment makes the biggest difference regarding resource usage. Back in the day, both Gnome and KDE were considered big and resource-hungry. I think that's still true of Gnome 3, but the new KDE Plasma 5 DE is really resource-efficient. I've even run it on a netbook with an Atom processor and 1GB RAM, and it worked fine (I could only have maybe 1 or 2 tabs open in Chrome, but that was more than I expected after the terrible Windows 7 Starter Edition experience). I'd recommend at least trying it. But if you still need something lighter, I'd recommend LXQt. It's a nice DE that's lighter on resource usage than XFCE which is the usual lightweight recommendation. The Enlightenment desktop is another lightweight DE that you don't hear about often, but it's also worth checking out. As far as being noob-friendly, I think Linux Mint or Manjaro are good choices. LXDE may also be worth checking out. I like Gentoo, but it's not for someone looking for an easy OOTB experience. And although it may not be the best choice for your purposes, I'll at least throw this out there: FreeBSD, from my experience, gives better performance than Linux on low-end hardware. There's more of a learning curve with FreeBSD than most Linux distros (unless you use something like GhostBSD), but it's not as intimidating as something like Gentoo. The only issue with FreeBSD is some rough edges and gotchas when it comes to support for some gaming-related issues like USB gamepad support or needing to jump through hoops to have both a 32-bit and 64-bit version of Wine installed at the same time. For gaming, you'll almost certainly want to go with Linux.
  6. Okay, I found this on Microsoft's website: So it would seem that, if bitlocker is working correctly, it probably resumed after your next reboot. So again I'd suggest downloading and running a diagnostic tool to check the drive. Or even try running the checkdisk utility that comes with Windows. I'll even provide links to the download pages for utilities from the two most common brands of hard drives: https://support.wdc.com/downloads.aspx?p=171&lang=en https://www.seagate.com/support/downloads/seatools/
  7. Honestly I have no experience with bitlocker since I don't use Windows much these days. I suppose it's possible that the decryption process didn't complete, and so some of the data is still encrypted. If it were my computer, and that happened to me, then I'd probably try turning bitlocker back on, then turn it off again so that I could ensure that the decryption process completed.
  8. I have an Emby server running on top of FreeBSD serving up movies and TV shows ripped from DVDs I've purchased. Recently my wife was watching a movie from our server via Google Chrome on her Macbook Pro, and I noticed that the CPU usage was really high. The server has dual Xeon 5680 CPUs. So it has 12 hyperthreaded cores. There were two ffmpeg processes using over 600% CPU each. I've never seen the CPU usage that high while streaming media. So I was wondering if it might have something to do with her using a Mac and the media format it was expecting to receive so that the server was having to do some serious transcoding work. I normally rip DVDs to H.265 480p in an mkv container format. But is it possible that another format would be easier to transcode from? In other words, is there a more optimal format to rip media to that will reduce the CPU work needed to transcode media on the fly that won't use huge amounts of disk space or cause the ripping/encoding process to take too long?
  9. As above, if it's making odd sounds, it's likely failing mechanically. If you're really lucky, maybe there's just a bad sector it is constantly trying to read, and the drive could be fixed by scanning and fixing the sector or marking it bad. You could download and run the diagnostic tools from the website of your hard drive manufacturer and/or try some SMART monitoring tools to help diagnose the issue. But most likely the drive needs to be replaced. If you must get important data off the drive first, and you're unable to, you could try a commercial product like Spinrite. I don't know of any free alternatives.
  10. The command you are looking for is pwd. I don't understand what you mean by having a file inside another file. Do you mean there is a directory named cat which contains a directory named dog? Also, what do you mean by "navigate from the desktop"? The desktop usually refers to a GUI environment -- not a command line. Do you maybe mean the commonly found Desktop directory in a user's home directory? I'm going to assume "yes" to both of my questions. I'm assuming you have a directory structure like this: / /home/ /home/username/ /home/username/Desktop/ /home/username/cat/ /home/username/dog/ Assuming you are already in /home/username/Desktop, you would type " cd ~/dog" to change to the dog directory. You would then type "touch kitten" to create that file. You could then type "cd ~/cat" to change to that directory. Finally, you would type "ls" to list the contents of that directory. Commands to know: ~ is not a command, but it is shorthand for the current user's home directory. cd - change directory. pwd - show the current directory ls - list the contents of a directory cat - concatenate; it is used to join two files together, but it is also commonly used to display the contents of a single file to the screen.
  11. I have an HP DL380 G7 server at home. It's the model that holds up to 8 2.5" drives. I'd rather use 3.5" drives since 3.5" drives are less expensive and come in larger capacities. So I'd like to find a decent storage array that I can attach to my server and make use of 3.5" drives. But frankly this is something I don't know much about. Can anyone recommend what I should look for in a general sense (such as features or even things to avoid)? And can anyone suggest specific models that would be good? I've got a 72U server rack with plenty of space, so size isn't a major concern. Low power draw would definitely be a plus. But primarily I'm looking for something compatible with my hardware and that I can pick up at a reasonable price off eBay or some other used hardware seller. I'm running FreeBSD and using ZFS in a mirrored configuration if that makes a difference.
  12. "Best" Linux distro is highly subjective. The KDE Plasma 5 desktop environment will likely give you a desktop experience most similar to Windows, and you can use that on any Linux distro. I personally like Gentoo and the Gentoo variant called Funtoo. I also think that Gentoo is a great distro for developers. It may be true that it's not as user-friendly as Ubuntu, Mint, Elementary, and so on, but it is chock full of developer tools. If you plan on doing cross-compiling for other architectures, I think it would be hard to beat Gentoo. And although it's not Linux, and it has some rough edges when it comes to the desktop user experience, I'd also plug FreeBSD as an option if you're looking for a good OS platform for software development.
  13. Well, my CPUs weren't getting hot, either. I never saw temps go over 70 degrees celsius even before changing the thermal paste. But changing the thermal paste meant that the fans could achieve better cooling with less work. So the fans ramp up far less than they did before. And that resulted in significantly less noise.
  14. I had to follow up because I recently decided to give my DL380 G7 a good cleaning. I blew out all the dust with compressed air. I took cotton swabs with isopropyl alcohol and cleaned all 6 chassis fans thoroughly. Then, most importantly, I replaced the 10 year old thermal paste with Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut. I currently have all 12 cores pegged at 100% running xmrig and Folding@Home with Intel Turbo Boost enabled. The fans turned up a little bit, but not much. And CPU temps are hovering around 60 degrees Celsius. Before this cleaning and thermal paste upgrade, just having 2-4 cores at 100% with Intel Turbo Boost enabled would make this server sound like a jet engine. I had to disable Turbo Boost to prevent the fans from revving to 100%. Even then CPU temps would hover around 70 degrees Celsius. Change your thermal paste. Use Thermal Grizzly Kryonaut. Trust me. You'll be astounded by the improvement.
  15. I have a DL380G7, and I was wondering how I might make mine quieter. I run FreeBSD 12-STABLE on it, and I configured powerdxx so that it disabled Intel Turboboost. By limiting the CPU speed to no more than the highest non-Turbo Boost speed, it has helped keep temps lower and the fans don't rev up nearly as much. I've also thought about tinkering with IPMI to see if I can configure fan speeds manually, but I find IPMI confusing and haven't figured out how to use it -- let alone find out if it would help in any way. Besides that, maybe I could replace the thermal paste. I bought this server used, and it's likely it has the same stock paste that was put on it 10+ years ago. I was also wondering if the fans could be replaced with something newer, more efficient, and quieter. Does anyone know if there are any alternative fans that would work in a Proliant server?