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About jde3

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  • Interests
    Unix and teaching millennials best practices.
  • Occupation
    Sr. Systems Administrator

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  1. People ask all the time about server equipment up here. Then they complain they are loud.. (well yeah) then they ask "Dude, how do I water cool a server?" .. uh.. Don't buy ebay servers for your house.. not unless you have a 19" rack in your basement or something. Workstation class equipment is what you want. Desktops can make fine home servers. Servers are generally built for high reliability and management, they don't really have all that better performance.
  2. Ya it's been that way for awhile in IT. (10 years or so) I think BYOD is fine is you use a universal interface (web)... You never really could stop employees taking work home even in the dark ages. All you can do is enforcement and legal action upon them unless you intend to shake everyone down for USB sticks after work. Fuck even Hillary did it, ya know? Can't get more controlled than that. Company I work for now employees use Mac's Windows and Linux on desktops and replacing Linux/Solaris systems with FreeBSD on the servers, with a wide array of mobile devices. Platform control is out the window in that kind of environment.
  3. There was a document management KB software called alfresco I believe also.. but yeah.. I like to keep this stuff in web and app interfaces. People are use to that now.
  4. I would have gone the Nextcloud route (possibly VPN only access, retention rules and encryption keys to revoke to remove usage access if necessary). We live in a multi-platform world now. How well does AD do Android? Some people only actually have tablets at home. (Look at James from Linus Media for example)
  5. jde3

    PF Sense Install Hang

    Generally you want an external access point (or a router in bridge mode) Ubiquity make good waps. FreeBSD does have initial support for ac but it's not in FreeBSD 11 that PFSense is based on.
  6. jde3

    PF Sense Install Hang

    I wish PFSense team would work on this a little more. FreeBSD is a server OS so servers tend to not get a lot of wifi love.. (and everyone knows the total shit show wifi is on Linux) but PF Sense can be uses as a captive wifi portal. I've used it as a fallback wifi for a finicky router that keep needed to be reboot and it was very very stable and reliable if you had compatible hardware. I set it up for a relative and it would operate for +6 mo at a time without reboots with wifi working just fine the entire time. Perhaps if more people start using TrueOS and GhostBSD on laptops FreeBSD's wifi support will improve.
  7. jde3

    VPN VS Proxy while gaming

    Some ppl do this to change their route to the game servers. It's... imo almost always bad. At least it should be in concept. If you had to use anything, WTFast might be your best bet.. tho I'd recommend nothing.
  8. jde3

    PF Sense Install Hang

    It will support n (on the right cards) but PFSense removed a lot of the wifi drivers from the FreeBSD kernel. You'd need the developer image to restore them.
  9. jde3

    Dumb FreeNAS question

    FreeBSD is getting a new virtual networking implementation for data centres.. unsure about their progress here or if this is going to be accepted mainline but it looks good. VNET is what we currently have and it has some problems. This is 3 times faster than Amazon Ec2 and other Linux implementations.
  10. jde3

    Dumb FreeNAS question

    "both I believe are FreeBSD based" - Yes, they are. Try bhyve maybe. It works with ZFS ZVOLS so you can just snapshot it. Take a look at http://chyves.org Bhyve is a little new.. so not everything is quite perfect.. but at least they have the storage part figured out.
  11. jde3

    Favorite Linux Distro

    Oh come on.. fanboy harder man. I know how Linux works thank you very much. I've used every day since the mid 90's. kqueue "it might actually be a little bit better" right.. or even a lot better. but lets go over some of the rest. ZFS is a first class citizen on FreeBSD and commonly used as the root file system. I know of no Linux distro that uses ZFS on root. I don't know of any that can even optionally install it at boot time without doing so in a custom manner. FreeBSD has incorporated separate root clones into what they call boot environments so you can pivot the systems root to different datasets. ZFS works in almost every aspect of the system from the hypervisor to the jail systems. In Linux it's bolt on and works with nothing out of the box. Linux is strong with the NIH syndrome, if it does have dtrace now, I'm sure there are some in the community actually upset at the fact they had to use a tool from Unix. But they did try.. there is a long road of Linux's failed clones of dtrace going back decades such as ftrace and systemtap. Maybe some people are getting a clue.. who knows. There is nothing like Jails in Linux. Namespace and cgroups are extraordinarily complex and do not operate the same way. Jails provide a complete container system. Namespace and cgroups are bolt on adhoc pseudo containers. Despite jails being more secure did you know X can also run inside one? On Linux it's common to put docker into a VM due to security, this blows my mind because the point of using a container is to shed the hypervisor layer. That isn't how Linux people view it though, they see it as another glorified package manager where they can download totally unrusted binaries from god knows who and run it in production. If you've ever written iptables or nftables you'd know how good PF is. The beauty of PF isn't in how flexible or dynamic it is (Tho it is very much so on a practical level unlike "features" like iptables mirror chains.. that are nifty.. and stupid and useless) It's in how easy it is to use. PFSense is the most popular downloaded firewall distro for good reason. Ports and pkg are a binary and source package system. The entire system is built from ports and you can mix and match. The closest thing to it in Linux is Portage from Gentoo that was ports inspired. Gentoo does not provide binary packages though.. FreeBSD does. All of this comes down to philosophy and design. Linux does not want to be a full OS.. it wants to be GNU/Linux, a collection of random software tied together by a distro using whatever garbage gets thrown at the wall, and it shows.. it's systems are fragile and tied together with shell scripts. FreeBSD on the other hand wants to design a complete system. Take Wifi for example. You mentioned systemd, network-manager and there are a few other ways to manage this on Linux. On FreeBSD... take a guess what they did? .... They made it so ifconfig manages the wifi network interface. They did it because that is the way the system manages network interfaces and they didn't need anything else. That is just an example of the philosophical differences.. there are many many others. Like I said before man.. Enjoy the hell you've created for yourself.. but excuse me if I'm not going to sit in your mess anymore.
  12. jde3

    Favorite Linux Distro

    Yep... whatever. Just illustrating Linux problems to you.
  13. jde3

    Favorite Linux Distro

    Services should not be enabled by default. Huge security risk. Do you want Linux to be a server OS or a desktop? See the trade offs? Are we building a Unix-Like OS or a Windows-Like OS?
  14. jde3

    Dumb FreeNAS question

    ZFS can run on a virtual disk. There is nothing.... really bad about that other than it might be inefficient as Virtual Disks use different (worse) storage layouts and formats. People run ZFS on Luks and Geli volumes all the time and thats basically a container disk. Make sure that you have (host IO) caching off or you will fuck your disk up horribly bad. ZFS has to know that writes have completed because it's transnational and it has it's own cache. It can not fsck itself back to a working state. And yes you can add a ZFS volume to almost any Linux distro. Even SuSE that is a huge (the only?) btrfs supporter has a ZFS module you can just install. You can also put Linux on ZFS root, but that is a little more challenging. (Gentoo is probably the easiest to do that with) You can also do it with a physical and that is fine as well so long as all the other OS's know to keep their filthy hands off it. I have a living situation where I only have one computer at the moment. (temporary) but I need different OS's due to my work. I have a dual boot Windows/Linux setup with FreeBSD on a physical disk attached to Virtualbox. This is so the guest (FreeBSD) can run irregardless of the OS the host running. In theory I could boot that FreeBSD volume directly and launch Linux into the VM, Windows may choke tho.. Why crummy old Virtualbox? because it's cross platform. Did you know... That you can run X in a FreeBSD Jail? A jail can access your video card drivers just fine something Docker can't do. So in theory, you could install FreeBSD, or GhostBSD into a FreeNAS jail and have "virtualisation" and full hardware support without a hypervisor. When I get setup properly I'll probably make myself a FreeBSD workstation and keep most of base system default, and just Jail out every part of it I want to use.. so I'll create a Jailed desktop and various Jailed servers. Why? Because it makes them disposable.. if I want a KDE desktop I can install that stuff and if I change my mind I can nuke it and install XFCE separately. No cruft, no unnecessary packages.
  15. Yeah, ZFS has a... we'll call it an inefficient implementation.. They know about it, they are fixing it. Btw any Unix filesystem can do something similar with hard links mind you. A hard link is essentially a deduped file. There are a couple of programs to help you do that fdupes. The thing you have to keep in mind with hard links is both copy's are the real file on disk. So you have to be aware of them once you do this.. but for static archives that never change it is ok.