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Learning to Read Russian

Albatross

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After practicing the sounds in the previous entry (click here to be linked there) we can start to practice reading some vocabulary. Doing this now will see if you remember the sounds, or if there are some problematic sounds you can't yet make. I'm going to give the Russian words to the left, their pronunciations to the center and the translations to the right. Cover the pronunciations and the translations with a sheet of paper or an extra window (open up firefox or something), or you will be cheating. Now try to read the Russian words and once you have gone through the list at least once, you can remove the window/block to see how you did.

 

 

Words                                                       Pronunciation                                                                   Translation

 

влади́мир                                                 [Vla-de’е-meer]                                                                      Vladimir
туале́т                                                      [too-a-lyе́t]                                                                              toilet
метро́                                                       [mye-trо́]                                                                                 metro, underground
тролле́йбус                                              [tra-llyе́y-boos]                                                                        trolleybus
календа́рь                                                [ka-lyen-dа́ry]                                                                          calendar
перестро́йка                                            [pye-rye-strо́y-ka]                                                                    perestroika, reorganization
гла́сность                                                 [glа́s-nasty]                                                                              openness
украи́на                                                    [oo-kra-e’е-na]                                                                         Ukraine
сиби́рь                                                      [see-be’еry]                                                                              Siberia
во́лга                                                         [vо́l-ga]                                                                                    the Volga river
ма́нчестер                                                [mа́n-chye-styer]                                                                      Manchester
би́рмингем                                               [be’еr-meen-gyem]                                                                   Birmingham
ливерпу́ль                                                [lee-vyer-po’oly]                                                                        Liverpool
АберДи́н                                                   [a-byer-de’еn]                                                                          Aberdeen

 

Time for some exercises! Don't worry if you get them wrong...this is only entry 2/lesson 2. lol For the exercises you should read the word and translate them with the knowledge you have learn so far. Like above, but the correct answers aren't to the right of them. Instead I included them at the end of the post within a spoiler tag marked "Answer Key". Don't cheat and try at least two times before clicking it open.

 

Exercise 1

 

  • Бори́с
  • Бори́с
  • да
  • Нет
  • Большо́й
  • Спаси́бо
  • ру́сская а́збука
  • Бо́рщ
  • Чай
  • Са́хар
  • Журна́л
     

 

Here are some common signs in Russian. Check your pronunciation at least three times before checking the Answer Key for the right way.

 

Exercise 2

 

  • Азропорт = airport
  • Буфе́т = snackbar
  • Гости́ница = hotel
  • Дире́ктор = manager, director
  • Закры́то = closed
  • Запрещено́ = forbidden
  • Интури́ст = intourist
  • Ка́сса = cash desk/ticket office
  • к себе́ = pull
  • Не кури́ть = no smoking
  • От себя́  = push
  • Парикма́херская = hairdresser/barber
  • По́чта = post office
  • Ремо́нт  = closed for repairs
  • Рестора́н = restaurant
  • Туале́т = toilet

 

 

That's it for now. I'm going to adjust the first post with information on the alphabet written in italics and some other stuff that I feel should be added there. If you want to push your studies you can pick up a dictionary to go over vocabulary and translation. If you can't get a hold of a physical book, here are some great sites:

 

Helpful sites:

 

Dictionaries:

 

http://www.lingvo-online.ru/en/Translate/en-ru

http://russian.cornell.edu/rdt/

http://www.lexilogos.com/english/russian_dictionary.htm

http://en.bab.la/dictionary/english-russian/

 

If you need help writing in the Cyrillic, you can use this online tool.

 

http://russian.typeit.org/

 

 

Answer Key:

Spoiler

Exercise 1:

 

  • Бори́с = [ba-re’es] Boris
  • да = [da] yes
  • Нет = [nyet] no
  • Большо́й = [baly-shо́y] big
  • Спаси́бо = [spa-se’e-ba] thank you
  • ру́сская а́збука = [ro’o-ska-ya а́z-boo-ka
  • Бо́рщ = [borshsh] beetroot soup
  • Чай =[chay] tea
  • Са́хар = [sа́-har] sugar
  • Журна́л = [zhoor-nа́l] magazine

 

 

Exercise 2:

 

  • Азропорт = [a-e-ra-pо́rt] = airport
  • Буфе́т = [boo-fyе́t] = snackbar
  • Гости́ница = [ga-ste’e-nee-sta] = hotel
  • Дире́ктор = [dee-ryе́k-tar] = manager, director
  • Закры́то = [za-krí-ta] = closed
  • Запрещено́ = [za-prye-shshye-nо́] = forbidden
  • Интури́ст = een-too-re’est] = intourist
  • Ка́сса = [kа́-ssa] = cash desk/ticket office
  • к себе́ = [ksye-byе́] = pull
  • Не кури́ть = [nye koo-re’ety] = no smoking
  • От себя́ = [at sye-byа́] = push
  • Парикма́херская = [pa-reek-mа́-hyer-ska-ya] = hairdresser/barber
  • По́чта = [pо́ch-ta] = post office
  • Ремо́нт = [rye-mо́nt] = closed for repairs
  • Рестора́н = [rye-sta-rа́n] = restaurant
  • Туале́т = [too-a-lyе́t] = toilet

 

2 Comments

19 hours ago, Streetking1 said:

Thank you, this is helpful to me!

No problem! Glad it is of use to you, and hope it continues to be. :)

 

Oh, if you are interested to know what I'm using to study with, it is on the main post.

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