I'm looking forward to build a home server for a few needs that I have been having. Mainly I need a NAS to act as a central storage for Lightroom catalog (multi pc access), Plex server to store 1080p and 4k movies (not sure how transcoding power plays into this need), and to act as a storage location for home CCTV footage (not a fan of cloud storage subscriptions).
I'm decently comfortable with pc building but this will be the first attempt at a DIY NAS solution. I've set aside an higher end budget ($1500-2000) for the the NAS excluding storage cost. I want to get some insight into
if one home server can fit all these needs ? what OS would support these ?
what kind of processor, mobo setup should I go for ?
any general advise, helpful resources for a first time builder ?
Well, good news for the Plex server and NAS is that it doesn't need super high end hardware, encoder depends on how many streams you want to be able to support and if you are transcoding or doing direct stream. Like @Donut417 said, would be best to have a 1080p AND a 4K version which is why there's an extra drive so you can run in raid 0 for more performance and space.
would suggest having separate partitioned drives for the NAS, OS, and Surveillance.
For the CCTV, I'd go with 1 or 2 surveillance drives just for reliability sake, they're rated for 24/7 writes.