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Super Secure: "Morpheus" CPU becomes unhackable

Summary

A new DARPA funded Morpheus CPU(Not to be confused with nvidia morpheus) was shown off. This CPU changes it's architecture every 100 ms. This makes it nearly impossible to get hack the CPU. 650 highly accomplished hackers took a go at the CPU, by trying to hack a database. All failed. The CPU is based on a modified RISC-V architecture

 

Quotes

Quote

Morpheus achieves this by encrypting memory pointers every 100 milliseconds, over and over again. By continually encrypting data, the project denies attackers the time window they’d need to successfully launch an attack in the first place. Austin refers to this as attempting to solve a Rubik’s Cube that rearranges itself every time you blink. The performance penalty for this kind of encryption, according to the team, is about 10 percent.

 

My thoughts

No more spectre and meltdown? Count me in! This is highly futuristic. But how will you develop apps for it? IMO, such a design will be perfect for a TPM-like secure enclave.

Sources

New 'Morpheus' CPU Design Defeats Hundreds of Hackers in DARPA Tests - ExtremeTech

Sci-Fi-Worthy Morpheus Chip Wards Off 500+ DARPA Hackers | IE (interestingengineering.com)

Super-Secure Processor Thwarts Hackers by Turning a Computer Into a Puzzle (sciencealert.com)

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Just now, emosun said:

I can develop an unhackable cpu that simply has no instructions or transistors. Cant hack what doesnt work

That sounds like my childhood computer. Wait...

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12 minutes ago, WolframaticAlpha said:

But how will you develop apps for it?

simply by using either assembly language or use any framework that will wrap that cpu instruction set so probably C++ at first and the derived languages will follow soon enough.

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The future CPU will be fast FPGA's. If it sense it is being hacked it turns into a 80s radio CPU.

If it ain´t broke don't try to break it.

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Okay so design malware to work in 99ms

ƆԀ S₱▓Ɇ▓cs: i7 6ʇɥפᴉƎ00K (4.4ghz), Asus DeLuxe X99A II, GT҉X҉1҉0҉8҉0 Zotac Amp ExTrꍟꎭe),Si6F4Gb D???????r PlatinUm, EVGA G2 Sǝʌǝᘉ5ᙣᙍᖇᓎᙎᗅᖶt, Phanteks Enthoo Primo, 3TB WD Black, 500gb 850 Evo, H100iGeeTeeX, Windows 10, K70 R̸̢̡̭͍͕̱̭̟̩̀̀̃́̃͒̈́̈́͑̑́̆͘͜ͅG̶̦̬͊́B̸͈̝̖͗̈́, G502, HyperX Cloud 2s, Asus MX34. פN∩SW∀S 960 EVO

Just keeping this here as a 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̌̅̒̾̈́̆͌̌̾̎̽̐̅̏́̈̔͛̀̋̃͊̒̓͗͒̑͒̃͂̌̄̇̑̇͛̆̾͛̒̇̍̒̓̀̈́̄̐͂̍͊͗̎̔͌͛̂̏̉̊̎͗͊͒̂̈̽̊́̔̊̃͑̈́̑̌̋̓̅̔́́͒̄̈́̈̂͐̈̅̈̓͌̓͊́̆͌̉͐̊̉͛̓̏̓̅̈́͂̉̒̇̉̆̀̍̄̇͆͛̏̉̑̃̓͂́͋̃̆̒͋̓͊̄́̓̕̕̕̚͘͘͘̚̕̚͘̕̕͜͜͝͝͝͠͝͝͝͝͠ͅS̷̢̨̧̢̡̨̢̨̢̨̧̧̨̧͚̱̪͇̱̮̪̮̦̝͖̜͙̘̪̘̟̱͇͎̻̪͚̩͍̠̹̮͚̦̝̤͖̙͔͚̙̺̩̥̻͈̺̦͕͈̹̳̖͓̜͚̜̭͉͇͖̟͔͕̹̯̬͍̱̫̮͓̙͇̗̙̼͚̪͇̦̗̜̼̠͈̩̠͉͉̘̱̯̪̟͕̘͖̝͇̼͕̳̻̜͖̜͇̣̠̹̬̗̝͓̖͚̺̫͛̉̅̐̕͘͜͜͜͜ͅͅͅ.̶̨̢̢̨̢̨̢̛̻͙̜̼̮̝̙̣̘̗̪̜̬̳̫̙̮̣̹̥̲̥͇͈̮̟͉̰̮̪̲̗̳̰̫̙͍̦̘̠̗̥̮̹̤̼̼̩͕͉͕͇͙̯̫̩̦̟̦̹͈͔̱̝͈̤͓̻̟̮̱͖̟̹̝͉̰͊̓̏̇͂̅̀̌͑̿͆̿̿͗̽̌̈́̉̂̀̒̊̿͆̃̄͑͆̃̇͒̀͐̍̅̃̍̈́̃̕͘͜͜͝͠͠z̴̢̢̡̧̢̢̧̢̨̡̨̛̛̛̛̛̛̛̛̲͚̠̜̮̠̜̞̤̺͈̘͍̻̫͖̣̥̗̙̳͓͙̫̫͖͍͇̬̲̳̭̘̮̤̬̖̼͎̬̯̼̮͔̭̠͎͓̼̖̟͈͓̦̩̦̳̙̮̗̮̩͙͓̮̰̜͎̺̞̝̪͎̯̜͈͇̪̙͎̩͖̭̟͎̲̩͔͓͈͌́̿͐̍̓͗͑̒̈́̎͂̋͂̀͂̑͂͊͆̍͛̄̃͌͗̌́̈̊́́̅͗̉͛͌͋̂̋̇̅̔̇͊͑͆̐̇͊͋̄̈́͆̍̋̏͑̓̈́̏̀͒̂̔̄̅̇̌̀̈́̿̽̋͐̾̆͆͆̈̌̿̈́̎͌̊̓̒͐̾̇̈́̍͛̅͌̽́̏͆̉́̉̓̅́͂͛̄̆͌̈́̇͐̒̿̾͌͊͗̀͑̃̊̓̈̈́̊͒̒̏̿́͑̄̑͋̀̽̀̔̀̎̄͑̌̔́̉̐͛̓̐̅́̒̎̈͆̀̍̾̀͂̄̈́̈́̈́̑̏̈́̐̽̐́̏̂̐̔̓̉̈́͂̕̚̕͘͘̚͘̚̕̚̚̚͘̕̕̕͜͜͝͠͠͝͝͝͝͠͝͝͝͠͝͝͝͝͝͝ͅͅͅī̸̧̧̧̡̨̨̢̨̛̛̘͓̼̰̰̮̗̰͚̙̥̣͍̦̺͈̣̻͇̱͔̰͈͓͖͈̻̲̫̪̲͈̜̲̬̖̻̰̦̰͙̤̘̝̦̟͈̭̱̮̠͍̖̲͉̫͔͖͔͈̻̖̝͎̖͕͔̣͈̤̗̱̀̅̃̈́͌̿̏͋̊̇̂̀̀̒̉̄̈́͋͌̽́̈́̓̑̈̀̍͗͜͜͠͠ͅp̴̢̢̧̨̡̡̨̢̨̢̢̢̨̡̛̛͕̩͕̟̫̝͈̖̟̣̲̖̭̙͇̟̗͖͎̹͇̘̰̗̝̹̤̺͉͎̙̝̟͙͚̦͚͖̜̫̰͖̼̤̥̤̹̖͉͚̺̥̮̮̫͖͍̼̰̭̤̲͔̩̯̣͖̻͇̞̳̬͉̣̖̥̣͓̤͔̪̙͎̰̬͚̣̭̞̬͎̼͉͓̮͙͕̗̦̞̥̮̘̻͎̭̼͚͎͈͇̥̗͖̫̮̤̦͙̭͎̝͖̣̰̱̩͎̩͎̘͇̟̠̱̬͈̗͍̦̘̱̰̤̱̘̫̫̮̥͕͉̥̜̯͖̖͍̮̼̲͓̤̮͈̤͓̭̝̟̲̲̳̟̠͉̙̻͕͙̞͔̖͈̱̞͓͔̬̮͎̙̭͎̩̟̖͚̆͐̅͆̿͐̄̓̀̇̂̊̃̂̄̊̀͐̍̌̅͌̆͊̆̓́̄́̃̆͗͊́̓̀͑͐̐̇͐̍́̓̈́̓̑̈̈́̽͂́̑͒͐͋̊͊̇̇̆̑̃̈́̎͛̎̓͊͛̐̾́̀͌̐̈́͛̃̂̈̿̽̇̋̍͒̍͗̈͘̚̚͘̚͘͘͜͜͜͜͜͜͠͠͝͝ͅͅͅ☻♥■∞{╚mYÄÜXτ╕○\╚Θº£¥ΘBM@Q05♠{{↨↨▬§¶‼↕◄►☼1♦  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when the hack make it generate what it wants before an attack 😛

Take it into my router and NAS.  Makes AI that will predict, nvm.

Something I have wondered about, why RAID and could one do something that acts like an always on anti-virus system and if someone could try that out?

Like an always active backup/restore with some systems in place and a controller etc. never heard about someone creating their own, and if future systems that can restore themselves before being hacked or fully infected? *goes by using microsoft's windows defender*

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24 minutes ago, gabrielcarvfer said:

Reprogramming time takes far too long for that.

It will be much faster in the future.

If it ain´t broke don't try to break it.

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This isn't "unhackable" at all - it's just cryptography. It's based upon a Simon cipher which - while efficient to run on hardware - is certainly not an impenetrable cipher given enough time. Indeed, Simon is criticised by security researchers due to how close attacks have gotten to breaking it - they are already getting ~70% of the way there despite it only being released in 2015.

 

This much is even stated by one of the inventors in an interview:

Quote

Todd Austin: Yeah. It’s interesting how a lot of people say that Morpheus is unhackable. You see that in the press a lot. I don’t generally say that myself, because I think it is hackable. But it’s super hard to hack.

 

As he explains in that same interview, the idea here is to prevent a single type of attack - Remote Code Execution - by making it impossible for attackers to act upon the information they can gain from a system in the time period before everything changes. The goal is to reduce this time period to ~10ms, which would be less time than it would take for a network packet to get off site - making such attacks impossible. Local attacks by people with access to the machine would still be feasible, albeit difficult.

My PCs:

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Timothy: 

i7 4790k

16GB Corsair Vengeance DDR3

ASUS GTX 1060 6GB

Corsair Carbide 300R

 

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or to put it one way "nothing will ever be unhackable, it may just take a long time before it's hacked".

Now, please the skynet!

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Stating something is unhackable is a sure way to make sure it gets hacked. 

 

And also as someone else stated, as soon as you have a system that an human operator needs to interact with you have an attack vector. 

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10 hours ago, gabrielcarvfer said:

>Unhackable
>Researchers were given 3 months to test

Still rereading the paper, seems pretty nice, but I don't think it is unhackable. Looks like ASLR on steroids.
Give researchers more time and they will find a way to break through it or around it.

I would never be so bold to claim anything is unhackable, but maybe I'm just not brave enough.

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13 hours ago, Franck said:

simply by using either assembly language or use any framework that will wrap that cpu instruction set so probably C++ at first and the derived languages will follow soon enough.

but how will someone write a compiler for an architecture that keeps changing?

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1 hour ago, WolframaticAlpha said:

but how will someone write a compiler for an architecture that keeps changing?

They won't have to, from a programming PoV nothing changes. Its using RISCV and that's what coders will need to target.

 

The hard work is done at the kernel level, afa the program knows its just running, its the CPU & OS that are handling the random encryption and updating the pointers, more than likely in Ring 0 where apps wouldn't normally have read or write permissions to anyway.

 

Sounds to me like a hardware based hardware abstraction layer.

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12 hours ago, BuckGup said:

Okay so design malware to work in 99ms

Doesn't work like, when you run a process it doesn't just magically open instantly (even if it seems like it), it takes time for you to double click, time for the inputs to be registered, time for the data to make it through the system bus to the ram, time for it to go back to the CPU, time for it to be processed, time for it to get sent back to ram, time for subprocesses to run and time for the GPU to actually output anything to the frame buffer and that's not mentioning CPU scheduling.

 

Since the encryption is running at a hardware level its always going to have top priority and is always going to get access to CPU time first. All they have to do is cycle the memory pointers faster than the process of opening an app and theoretically, it cannot be beat.

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1 hour ago, WolframaticAlpha said:

but how will someone write a compiler for an architecture that keeps changing?

You don't. It's not the instruction that seems to change but encryption of the memory. That is completely unrelated to the way you use the instruction sets.

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5 minutes ago, gabrielcarvfer said:

Yup. It's journalists screwing things up yet again. 

Is something is unhackable now it just means nobody clever enough has looked at the problem yet. The one exception being quantum encryption using Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.

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Wasn't the PS3 deemed unhackable? Or the PSVita? And what happened to them? Yep, hacked.

This CPU is unlikely to be unhackable, it's just that's really damn hard to hack it but it's possible. All you need is a highly motivated group of people with skills and that group is in for a very hard challenge. It's about satisfaction because you made the impossible possible.

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2 hours ago, Master Disaster said:

They won't have to, from a programming PoV nothing changes. Its using RISCV and that's what coders will need to target.

 

The hard work is done at the kernel level, afa the program knows its just running, its the CPU & OS that are handling the random encryption and updating the pointers, more than likely in Ring 0 where apps wouldn't normally have read or write permissions to anyway.

 

Sounds to me like a hardware based hardware abstraction layer.

Oh OK. But what if there is some security vulnerability in the core RISC V architecture?

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3 hours ago, Master Disaster said:

Doesn't work like, when you run a process it doesn't just magically open instantly (even if it seems like it), it takes time for you to double click, time for the inputs to be registered, time for the data to make it through the system bus to the ram, time for it to go back to the CPU, time for it to be processed, time for it to get sent back to ram, time for subprocesses to run and time for the GPU to actually output anything to the frame buffer and that's not mentioning CPU scheduling.

 

Since the encryption is running at a hardware level its always going to have top priority and is always going to get access to CPU time first. All they have to do is cycle the memory pointers faster than the process of opening an app and theoretically, it cannot be beat.

That sounds like an absolute nightmare to deal with and I sorta doubt only a 10% performance hit

ƆԀ S₱▓Ɇ▓cs: i7 6ʇɥפᴉƎ00K (4.4ghz), Asus DeLuxe X99A II, GT҉X҉1҉0҉8҉0 Zotac Amp ExTrꍟꎭe),Si6F4Gb D???????r PlatinUm, EVGA G2 Sǝʌǝᘉ5ᙣᙍᖇᓎᙎᗅᖶt, Phanteks Enthoo Primo, 3TB WD Black, 500gb 850 Evo, H100iGeeTeeX, Windows 10, K70 R̸̢̡̭͍͕̱̭̟̩̀̀̃́̃͒̈́̈́͑̑́̆͘͜ͅG̶̦̬͊́B̸͈̝̖͗̈́, G502, HyperX Cloud 2s, Asus MX34. פN∩SW∀S 960 EVO

Just keeping this here as a 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17 hours ago, cj09beira said:

the biggest attack vector should still exist, humans, and buggy software

Yeah I was think exactly that. Are most hacks even cpu related to begin with? I don't know much about viruses or hacking but I was under the impression that most of them didn't require the exploit of a cpu vulnerability. 

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5 minutes ago, BuckGup said:

That sounds like an absolute nightmare to deal with and I sorta doubt only a 10% performance hit

@gabrielcarvferwould know better than me since he has read the paper but if I had to guess I'd say they're probably offloading the bulk of the heavy lifting to a dedicated ASIC on the package. The CPU can do its thing and the only latency would come from the CPU and the ASIC communicating with each other.

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Just now, Master Disaster said:

@gabrielcarvferwould know better than me since he has read the paper but if I had to guess I'd say they're probably offloading the bulk of the heavy lifting to a dedicated ASIC on the package. The CPU can do its thing and the only latency would come from the CPU and the ASIC communicating with each other.

Gotcha so they are relying on that ASIC being secure in itself

ƆԀ S₱▓Ɇ▓cs: i7 6ʇɥפᴉƎ00K (4.4ghz), Asus DeLuxe X99A II, GT҉X҉1҉0҉8҉0 Zotac Amp ExTrꍟꎭe),Si6F4Gb D???????r PlatinUm, EVGA G2 Sǝʌǝᘉ5ᙣᙍᖇᓎᙎᗅᖶt, Phanteks Enthoo Primo, 3TB WD Black, 500gb 850 Evo, H100iGeeTeeX, Windows 10, K70 R̸̢̡̭͍͕̱̭̟̩̀̀̃́̃͒̈́̈́͑̑́̆͘͜ͅG̶̦̬͊́B̸͈̝̖͗̈́, G502, HyperX Cloud 2s, Asus MX34. פN∩SW∀S 960 EVO

Just keeping this here as a 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14 minutes ago, Brooksie359 said:

Yeah I was think exactly that. Are most hacks even cpu related to begin with? I don't know much about viruses or hacking but I was under the impression that most of them didn't require the exploit of a cpu vulnerability. 

Not even a tiny fraction. The vast majority of hacks are done by 2 methods, social engineering AKA getting someone to give you access or bad passwords/leaked passwords.

 

6 minutes ago, BuckGup said:

Gotcha so they are relying on that ASIC being secure in itself

Like I say, I'm only theorising. I haven't read the paper yet but as you said, doing on the fly memory encryption on all addressed RAM using the same CPU that's powering everything would put enormous stress on the CPU. They have to be offloading the work.

 

Now I'm waiting for Gabriel to come in and succinctly tell me that I'm wrong 🤣

Main Rig:-

Ryzen 7 3800X | Asus ROG Strix X570-F Gaming | 16GB Team Group Dark Pro 3600Mhz | Corsair MP600 1TB PCIe Gen 4 | Sapphire 5700 XT Pulse | Corsair H115i Platinum | WD Black 1TB | WD Green 4TB | EVGA SuperNOVA G3 650W | Asus TUF GT501 | Samsung C27HG70 1440p 144hz HDR FreeSync 2 | Ubuntu 20.04.2 LTS |

 

Server:-

Intel NUC running Server 2019 + Synology DSM218+ with 2 x 4TB Toshiba NAS Ready HDDs (RAID0)

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