You've had disk corruption. I would check it in case of hardware faults. Is it a hard disk or SSD? Either way, I'd do a long test on it using the manufacturer's diagnostic tool. If there are no hardware faults, then it would point to some other cause.
So the title should be Read the Effen specs of the board you want to buy!!!! because I will get on the net and say your product sucks because I did not read if it supports the hardware I have...Typical
When I changed my Mobo and CPU, I did not reinstall windows 10 and I have had no issues.
What I did do to activate and transfer the licence to the new Mobo and CPU was I created a Microsoft account and linked my old mobo/licence to the account.
From Microsoft's website:
"In Windows 10 (version 1607 or later), it is essential that you link your Microsoft account with the Windows 10 digital license on your device. Linking your Microsoft account with your digital license allows you to reactivate Windows using the Activation troubleshooter whenever you make a significant hardware change."
Then I installed new Mobo/CPU.
I then went in to activate windows 10 in the update windows menu, and followed all the steps.
There is a selection where it talks about hardware change, and select that.
Then I just followed the on screen directions.
Here is the directions from Microsoft's website: Reactivate Windows 10 after hardware change