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minervx

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  1. 1) Check whether the RAM is single or dual channel. Dual channel is preferable for Ryzen. 2) Ryzen 7's, in many cases, perform only very slightly better than Ryzen 5's, because they are used in the same chassis's and have to either be undervolted or throttled to maintain the same thermals. Especially if it's a light and thin laptop, the Ryzen 7's potential will likely not be met. It may not worth paying substantially more money for a Ryzen 7.
  2. It sounds like you have everything you need. Get a DAW like REAPER (free to evaluate). Some mixers/producers use analog, but some go almost entirely digital. It's up to preference; outboard gear for FX aren't really necessity. FX plugins and the DAW can basically do everything nowadays. The only limit is your skill in recording, mixing and mastering.
  3. Behringer UM2 + Amazonbasics XLR cable + Behringer XM8500 + a little boom arm for the desk
  4. AT2020 - I'd recommend the MXL V67G instead, though it's up to personal preference. Focusrite Scarlett 2i4. - You may as well just get a Behringer UM2 which does the same exact thing for a fraction of the price. Beyerdynamic DT990 PRO - I think they sound nice, but I would recommend headphones with a modular cable just because the "if anything goes wrong with a cheap wire then the whole $150 investment is dead" is a really unethical and stupid form of planned obsolescence.
  5. May I ask what leads you to assert this so strongly? Because mics don't have any parts inside of them that act as a Gate or Expander. As convenient as it would be, microphones do not have the capacity to tell what noise we as human beings care and don't care about. There is polar pattern, which rejects noise based on directionality. But this is not related to whether a mic is Condenser or Dynamic. There aren't any objective scientific measuring tools that confirm the background noise is removed by using a Dynamic instead of a Condenser. It's purely based on human perception, which can be flawed (particularly by an error of omission). In my experience my dynamic mic clearly picks up less background noise than my condenser mic Yes, but only because the recordings on each are not at the same output volume. Dynamics require a lot of additional gain to get the same output volume as a condenser. Kind of like how AMD Vega video cards require more watts than NVidia's GTX cards. For a fair comparison, more power would need to be supplied to the Dynamic than to the Condenser. * Dynamics pick up less dB background noise, but they also pick up less dB of the voice. * Condensers pick up more dB of background noise, but they also pick up more dB of the voice. Even if you can't hear as much noise in a Dynamic, it's still there. It doesn't go away. If the gain is turned up, that same noise will resurface. If you don't believe it, you can record both of those mics into a DAW. The waveforms on the Condenser are going to appear larger. And a volume meter is going to measure the Condenser as having a higher output volume. If you raise the gain digitally on the Dynamic recording so that the waveforms are equal in size and the volume meter picks them up the same, you're going to hear that background noise. It's actually kind of crazy that people believe buying a Dynamic mic is a panacea for background noise just because most people do not supply it with enough volume. On this basis, it's not logical to say Condensers pick up more background noise, because all one would have to do is lower the gain knob on a Condenser to pick up less background noise. People would respond, "But, it's also going to make my voice lower". Yes, that's the same thing the Dynamic is doing by having a low sensitivity to gain. Is this not why dynamic microphones and not condenser microphones are used in live music performances? They're used in live performances for their durability. Dynamic mics can take a ton of abuse; survive be dropped and tossed around, humid weather and maybe even water damage. This makes them good for traveling with.
  6. Similar. Superlux HD668b has a little more bassiness to it. I prefer the sound of the superluxes but both are good. However, the AKG's are more comfortable. If you have a large head, the 668b's will be tight. Though, they make a 681 EVO headphones that look like they're designed to be more comfortable.
  7. Regarding frequency response, what frequencies you prefer is up to you preference. Though, generally, to be versatile for all sorts of applications, it's good to have a mostly flat set of frequencies with a subtle boosts for color and flavor. This is why I think the V67G (the graph in the picture), for example, is really an excellent microphone that compares to microphones several times its price. It's mostly flat and captures just about all of the frequencies in human hearing; it has a bright top-end to add some clarity to the voice, but it doesn't sacrifice in the mid and bass.
  8. Sennheiser HD598 AKG K240 Superlux HD668b Beyerdynamic DT990
  9. XLR vs. USB It's kind of like the DIY PC vs. prebuilt Walmart PC comparison. With the XLR, you're going for more customizability, upgradability, versatility and long-term lifespan. From a "buy it for life" perspective, XLR is a superior investment. Although, USB may have the advantage of price and convenience. For those who cannot spend more than $50-60, maybe getting a USB like the Behringer C1-U could be their best option. However, spending $100+ on a USB mic makes less sense because at that point, an XLR setup is affordable. Accessories For an XLR mic, an XLR cable and an audio interface is needed. The Audio interfaces comes with the cable needed to attach to the computer. A pop filter or wind screen is recommended to block plosives from "P"/"B" sounds. A cheap pop filter is fine; they all do the same thing; with expensive ones, you're often just paying for a better quality neck and/or a brand name. The wind screen is more portable and convenience, so it may be a more preferred option for more people. Make sure it's wide enough to fit the head of the mic. If you can't acquire either for whatever reason, maybe use a sock. For the mic stand, it's up to preference. A desk mic stand may be preferable to a large one on the floor, if you don't plan on taking it to events or anything like that. Tripods can fold easily and are more portable, though round-base metal plate may be more stable. A boom arm that screws to the desk is an option. A shock mount may be helpful if mic vibrations are a problem. Make sure it's not too wide for skinny mics, or too small for big mics; pictures on Amazon reviews can help gauge the size. Acoustic treatment is strongly recommended. If you don't have it, use pillows and blankets. Cost Microphones are not like CPU's where the i7 is more powerful than the i5. A $200 mic is not necessarily better than a $100 mic. Going super cheap on a mic will sacrifice quality, but once we get into the $50-100+ price range, there starts to be a law of diminishing returns. It's like wine or fashion. Does a $1000 bottle of wine taste better than a $200 or $50 bottle of wine? The biggest mistake I see beginners to audio make is spend their whole budget on the mic and interface and none on improving their environment. A Blue Snowball in a studio recording room is going to sound better than a Neumann U87 in a typical office or bedroom. Expensive mics are fine for studios who already have the basic fundamentals down, but for a beginner, it's probably a better idea to buy a good $60 MXL V67G w/ $140 of acoustic foam panels than to buy a $200 Rode NT1A. Audio Interface Technology improved a lot in the past 20 years. In the past, people needed to spend a lot of money to get a good interface. But nowadays, budget options are fine and they all basically do the same thing. Hence, it's a better idea to get a $40 Behringer UM2 than a $100-200+ Focusrite. Polar Pattern For most uses, Cardioid is the best. If your mic has multi patterns, set it to Cardioid. It captures audio mostly from the intended source the capsule is facing and rejects a lot of background noise. Bidirectional and Omnidirectional will pick up more background noise. Dynamic vs. Condenser The pros of Dynamics: More durable, resistant to physical damage and moisture, making them superior for live events. More options (than Condenser) in the <$50 price range. The cons of a Dynamic: They generally require a lot more gain to get the same volume output as a Condenser. (Buying an additional pre-amp just to get the same thing as a Condenser provides without needing one is an unnecessary cost). Dynamics generally pick up a more limited range of frequencies compared to Condensers, often rolling off shortly after 10KHz Neither Dynamics nor Condensers necessarily sound inherently better. There are great mics for both Condenser and Dynamic. Condenser's wider range of frequencies makes it a better option for home and studio environments in my option, but it's up to personal preference. Background Noise Beyond polar pattern, the differences in background noise rejection between different mics isn't significant. Rather than searching for a mic that picks up less background noise, it's more constructive to work on recording environment and recording technique because those will make more a difference. Buying a Dynamic microphone isn't a fix for background noise; it'll pick up less volume, but once the gain is boosted to an appropriate amount, the noise will be amplified too. Mics are designed to pick up noise and have no way to distinguish what noise you intend vs. what noise you don't intend for it to capture. Online Reviews There are Youtube videos of mic reviews, but make sure the reviewer is using proper mic technique. There are a lot of Youtubers who do not understand proper mic technique. They speak too close to the mic, or they're not facing the capsule properly, or they're not using a pop filter or they're recording next to a wall in an untreated bedroom. Also, it can be misleading to judge background noise rejection from a Youtube review. If their output volume is low, it may deceivingly appear like it's rejecting background noise. If their output volume is high, or they're in a noisy environment or they have terrible mic placement/technique, a mic could deceivingly appear like it picks up more noise. Also, when possible, listen to blind mic comparisons. Brand names, prices, marketing and aesthetic qualities could influence pre-concieved biases. Frequency Response On websites like recording-hacks.com, there are graphs that show the tonality of the microphone (from left/low frequencies to right/high frequencies). Horizontally are what frequencies you get, and vertically is how much of each frequency you get. Using metrics like this to describe the tone is a lot more precise than using vague words like 'warm', 'soothing', 'luxurious'. TLDR If you have a very tight budget, find a Behringer C-1U on ebay. If you have $120 or so, MXL V67G + Behringer UM2 + Amazonbasics XLR cable + cheap wind screen + an affordable mic stand.
  10. MXL V67G or Behringer C-1
  11. Speak at an appropriate distance (3"-8"). Keep your mic at least at least a few feet away from a wall or corner. The capsule of the mic should face your mouth directly Use foam acoustic treatment panels to reduce wall reflections. (Pillow or blankets as an alternative) Stay still while speaking ; don't move or sway too much. Use a wind screen or pop filter to block plosives. If mic vibrations are a problem, use a shock mount. Processing the vocals with plugins like High-Pass Filter, Expander, Compressor and maybe a De-Esser can help. REAPER is a free to evaluate DAW. REAPER also has Reaplugs (free plugins that work with OBS). And with VB-Audio Cable, vocals can be sent through the DAW, into the cable, and into your audio input. Also, buying a dynamic mic instead of a condenser will NOT reduce background noise. And, in most cases, buying a new interface or pre-amp will NOT improve sound quality. Many people new into audio think the problem with their recordings is that they need to buy more expensive gear but the truth is that their recording technique needs a lot of work, and they're not properly setting up their recording environment.
  12. Yeah. I'm just sort of surprised that people in the PC community (and even reviewers like Linus and others) know a lot about desktops. Nobody would suggest putting a GTX 2080 Ti in a HTPC build for example. But they don't seem to realize that putting an entire compuer into a tiny bubble mailer envelope sized chassis with no vents isn't a good idea.
  13. Aluminum disperses heat, so an aluminum chassis can sort of act like a heatsink and help cooling. However, it is not an alternative to actually having good thermal design and ventilation.
  14. Updating this for July 2019. This is just one benchmark site and there are others but this list may help put things in perspective: RTX 2080 Ti - 592% GTX 1080 Ti - 450% RTX 2080 - 445% Radeon VII - 421% RTX 2070 - 381% GTX 1080 - 362% RX Vega 64 - 356% RX Vega Frontier - 343% GTX 1070 Ti - 336% RX Vega 56 - 326% RTX 2060 - 316% GTX 1070 - 290% GTX 1660 Ti - 270% GTX 1660 - 238% RX 590 - 235% GTX 1060 (6GB) - 208% RX 580 - 207% GTX 1060 (3GB) - 195% RX 480 - 193% RX 570 - 181% RX 470 - 168% GTX 1650 - 152% GTX 1050 Ti - 113% GTX 1050 - 100% And here's the minor leagues: RTX 2080 Ti - 2510% GTX 1050 - 424% Vega 11 - 259% GT 1030 - 231% MX 150 - 224% MX 130 - 147% UHD 630 - 114% Vega 8 - 168% Vega 6 - 111% UHD 620 - 100%
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