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Everything posted by redteam4ever

  1. Interesting presentation of a dead RAM stick, experience++
  2. Well, then it really is the monitor. Sorry, I'm not qualified enough to help you And I don't think it's going to be an easy repair.
  3. Can you test it on a different monitor? This seems like a GPU problem rather than a monitor problem.
  4. I'm surprised that a BIOS update helped with a non-booting system (that worked before) but at the same time glad that I helped you with it
  5. That's a valid point, but I'd still get the 5500 XT over 1660 - I like AMD feature set more (what a surprise). I only considered RTX2060 because of the RT cores but it didn't make the budget. I believe in AMD FineWine which will probably close the gap between the 1660 and 5500 XT.
  6. I'm not sure if I googled the price right, but I'd choose RX 5500 XT. I'm aware that my link is slightly over 350$ but I think that you can find better prices than I can through Google from a different country without any knowledge of the market
  7. No, you can leave everything connected. Strictly speaking, CPU power and ATX power are the only power input connectors on a motherboard, but I think you meant to say if you can leave other components connected to the motherboard, so this is an answer to that.
  8. I won't be giving you a direct recommendation but definitely look for a used/refurbished laptop. For programming, I'd concentrate on having a decent CPU and enough RAM. Since you will be taking your laptop with you a lot, I'd go for a thin and light with at least an Intel Core i5 or AMD Ryzen 5 CPUs. With Intel, don't get anything older than Skylake (Coffe Lake would be great because of increased core counts, but that is too new probably). A slower CPU won't prevent you from accomplishing your tasks but you will get slower compile times and if you decide to run some VMs, that could be painful (you need to allocate whole cores to a VM). If you are not gaming, stick with an integrated GPU. With a laptop, you will often find ones with a decent CPU and features but disappointing RAM and storage. Don't let that stop you. Look for maintenance manuals to see if RAM and storage can be upgraded. Ideally look for a laptop with an M.2 slot and a 2.5 inch drive cage, usually the M.2 slot will be empty and you should be able to get a cheap 120GB boot SSD (this is a must today). RAM is cheap, so get at least 8 or 12GB ideally (you might get lucky enough to find a laptop with one 4GB stick and one empty slot) - I find myself with many browser tabs with stackoverflow, standards or language references while coding. So make a list of laptops with good CPUs and then see if they can be upgraded. For useful features, I wouldn't be able to survive without a backlit keyboard and an IPS display, but that is not really that important, you still need to hit your price point. Good luck
  9. Maybe I'd go with AMD RX5500 when it turns up - it has the same performance as an RX580 and a lower power consumption. The key difference is that it's based on the new RDNA architecture, while RX580 uses an older (but recently vastly updated) GCN architecture. While this might not be a huge difference now, the driver support should be longer for RDNA than at this point very old GCN. I'm NOT saying that you won't get driver support now, GCN is not marked as end-of-life, but in 5-8 years, I think that GCN might stop being supported due to AMD's product stack getting too big. Take this prediction with a grain of salt though, there are discussions suggesting that RDNA is not a new architecture, rather just a rebrand of GCN which is possible given the time from GCN5 to RDNA, but AMD might still use this as a cut-off point for driver support in the future. RDNA also has more features over GCN4 in RX580 - primitive shaders, updated processor design... It might not be a win for now, but you will probably get the AMD FineWine technology in the first years coupled with the fact that game optimizations are usually done for newer cards which have a newer architecture.
  10. I have no experience with StoreMI, but if you look into the Device Manager, can you see some kind of a virtual StoreMi drive? Since it is a virtual device, uninstalling it will maybe remove the drive from the Disk Management. Also, when you're talking about IDs of drives, be aware that partitions and disks have separate IDs.
  11. So, what IS the system doing? Are the fans spinning? Is there any beeping? Can you hear any sounds confirming that the OS booted? (If you wait for a couple of minutes, you can press Shift five times to get a dialog for turning on Sticky keys - it makes a sound)
  12. For starters, you didn't specify your motherboard model, which is the most important specification. Luckily, in your earlier post, you indicated that you have a MSI B450 Tomahawk motherboard. While some people might be able to help you straight away, either because they build PCs for living or have a similar motherboard to yours, I cannot imagine that most of the good people here are in that situation, so they look for the manual. I did that and here is a solution for you: Updating BIOS with Flash BIOS Button Before updating: Please download the latest BIOS file that matches your motherboard model from MSI® website and rename the BIOS file to MSI.ROM. And then, save the MSI.ROM file to the root of USB flash drive. Important Only the FAT32 format USB flash drive supports updating BIOS by Flash BIOS Button. Connect power supply to CPU_PWR1 and ATX_PWR1. (No other components are necessary but power supply.) Plug the USB flash drive that contains the MSI.ROM file into the Flash BIOS Port on rear I/O panel. Press the Flash BIOS Button to flash BIOS, and the LED next to the button starts flashing. After the flashing BIOS process is 100% completed, the LED would be off simultaneously. For more information on where to find the button and the LED, refer to the manual. If you don't understand the instructions, tag me and specify which part yo need to clarify. Good luck
  13. I wouldn't classify it as malware, it is just a misuse of a legitimate feature of modern web browsers because technically you had to click to allow the notifications. Happens to everyone once in a while And don't feel like an idiot, I was at the same place you were like 2 months ago when I first saw this on a friend's PC and did all the same steps as you - adwCleaner, AV scan... Then it hit me that these are Windows notifications from Google Chrome - my friend was streaming movies from some shady websites that were requiring to allow desktop notifications to watch the movies. You would've found out on your own too... Fun fact: Yesterday, I saw a webpage claiming that you need to allow notifications to verify that you're not a robot In the age of Adblock, websites finally found a way how to reliably circumvent it...
  14. Oh, it's Google Chrome, it's written in the notification... *facepalm* Go to your Chrome settings, choose Advanced > Privacy and security > Site settings > Notifications. Scroll through the allow list and delete any sites that you don't recognize. This usually happens when you click Allow on a dialog box without reading it... Watch out for the notification requests, ads served through notifications are becoming more common!
  15. Those are most likely browser desktop notifications - you need to disable them through your browser. If you tell me what browser you're using, I can walk you through how exactly to do that...
  16. Yes, this is true. I was taking a course at school that tackled some of the topics like AppLock, file sharing and Windows deployment with labs where we could try everything on VMs. That was very helpful. For trying Intune, I created a demo organisation on a trial 30-day account for Enterprise Mobility + Security E5 (that is free for everyone). For literature, we were recommended to avoid Microsoft Press because their books usually don't cover all topics on the exam. I was looking through the Exam Ref for 70-697 and it was true. To prepare for my exam, I used MCSA Study Guide for Exam 70-697 by William Panek, published by Wiley (Sybex) - great book! While looking at the page of my exam, I noticed that Microsoft will be deprecating it after March. I think that this is a good move, because Windows changes so rapidly these days that some screenshots in the study guide (and in one question on my exam even) were already outdated. So Microsoft might be changing how the mobility path works very soon.
  17. Oh, sorry then. I was looking at the board schematic on the ASUS page and there was a caption on the top M.2 slot that says "Dual M.2 slots". Now I see that there is another slot near the bottom of the board, I didn't notice the other slot. It seemed really weird to me why would they place the slots on top of each other, but I couldn't find the second slot back then. I was following this topic to find out what's the problem with your SSD, because I also have a Samsung SSD that was in my laptop when I bought it. It's a Samsung PM841 128GB (according to some discussions it's an OEM version of 840 PRO) and it was also acting up. Mine is out of warranty and it's slowly dying (SMART shows 70% remaining life), but it's been acting up similarly. I relocated it to my PC when I bought a new SSD for my laptop and then my PC wouldn't want to boot into Windows at random times with blue screens that some system files were missing or I/O errors. Sometimes even while the PC was running, the blue screens would pop up with random error codes that were undefined. I finally solved it by replacing the SSD, but most of the time it works fine... For now, I'm out of ideas on what the problem is
  18. It depends. Microsoft describes exams as intensive or exhausting and recommends that you don't plan anything important after the test (I can't find a source, but this was in preparation documents for the exam). Most people that I've talked with found their first exam exhausting. Maybe it's just a local thing - that we're not used to this type of testing in Slovakia and Czechia. And it also depends on what exam are you taking, if you already have some experience and so on. For me, I've done most of the stuff that was covered by the exam already, but then there were parts like Microsoft 365 and Intune that were not covered by a course that my school does (that I was taking as a preparation) and I hadn't have a chance to try as I have never worked as an admin - I'm a university student.
  19. Microsoft has Microsoft Certified Proffessional program that has been significantly revamped last year (or year before?). Basically it has these paths (think of them as different areas of Microsoft's services/products), that you can take and every path has several exams, depending on how much you complete you earn a certain level of certification form Technology Associate to Expert. These paths include Mobility (that's basically Windows deployment in large oragnisations and administration), Business Applications, App Builder... Then there is Microsoft Office Spacialist program that's kind of separate for MS Office, so if you're good at that... This system is very complex and I won't go into more specifics given that I want you to read my response I'm a Microsoft Technology Associate - I'm on a Mobility path and that means that I passed one exam - specifically Exam 697. The tests are really tiring, there is a lot of questions and many types of questions. Multiple choice are usually very confusing, then there are case studies that can be very specific and time consuming. MS takes the certification very seriously, so you have to sign an NDA before the test so that ou won't talk about the questions that were on your test. You won't even get a result of your test, only a PASS/FAIL result and relative score on how you did in assessed categories. MS says that this makes the certification very valuable, because you can't cheat - test takes place in an approved test centre (or at home with webcam supervision and tour of your room beforehand), they take a photo, check your ID, they can even take your fingerprints... they are not joking around. You can browse MS Certification here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/learning/browse-all-certifications.aspx Then there is Cisco certification program. The Associate level (CCNA) of Routing and Switching is what I see a lot in job listings as a requirement and is a good starting point, there is an option to take only one exam to earn this certification. I don't have CCNA, but I would like to get it some day, so all I know is that in contrast to Microsoft's approach, Cisco certificates expire after 3 years and then you have to recertify (pass the same or higher exam). Miccrosoft just gives you a badge with a date when it was issued and it's on the employer to evaluate if it's still OK for them. There are other certifications, I know that RedHat has some for their services, Kali has some certifications and there is probably more, but I don't know anything about those.
  20. I was waiting to see some other replies and I forgot about your topic a bit, I'm sorry. I have a theory - your board have M.2 slots positioned one on top of another. Because of that, I think that the drive with games is in the bottom slot and it's overheating - there is another drive that is heating it up and blocking air from cooling it. That's why it happens only when you play games and takes some time for the drive to heat up so that it malfunctions. When you restart Windows, there is no access to the second drive, so it cools off. You also mentioned that Samsung Magician Software doesn't report any problems. Temperature is monitored by S.M.A.R.T., so either Samsung Magician doesn't read the temperature, or doesn't see it as a problem. I would try running other diagnostic software, such as CrystalDiskMark and get access to all the data (I don't know Samsung Magician but manufacturer utilities often don't show all or raw data). Other solution is to swap the drives between the 2 slots, to see if anything changes.
  21. This seems like the File Explorer is somehow locking the device. You can try to unassign the drive letter (right click on the partition in Disk Management > Change Drive Letter and Paths and delete the assigned letter), so the explorer wouldn't be able to see the drive and if the error continues to show, just kill the explorer.exe process in task manager and try again. Maybe Rufus will be able to continue then (you might need to restart Rufus or your PC in the process so the changes are detected).
  22. Interesting... Did you try to run Rufus again? Maybe it does some magic with MBR/GPT or the partitions. Are you familiar with Linux? I usually use Ubuntu to repair failed filesystems, because it has a lot of tools for diagnosing and repairing of corrupted disks - if you don't have any kinfd of Linux, you should be able to install Ubuntu bash (Windows subsystem for Linux - installation instructions) from Windows Store and try to diagnose the drive from there.
  23. Try low-level format: http://hddguru.com/software/HDD-LLF-Low-Level-Format-Tool/
  24. Also, it can prove very useful to interpret compiler errors for your future. I've seen a lot of my friends ignore compiler messages and just look for what's wrong in their code and it takes much longer when you don't know where or what to look for. That error might seem very cryptic at the first sight, but if you have the knowledge of what symbol might be (or you try googling it), you can find out where is the problem. I really want to avoid the definition what a symbol is (it wouldn't be useful), but you can think of it as anything that has a name in your program - so functions, variables, procedures, methods (depends on the language). Modern compilers also usually point to the exact spot where they "found" the error (more like when/slightly before they stopped understanding your code) and this might be misleading (especially when you make a typo), but for this type of message it's correct. Then your compiler listed what symbol cannot be found - method with name printin. That means that the compiler searched its symbol table and couldn't find it amethod with that name. I need to specify that symbol table is basically a big list of all the symbols (mostly variables and functions) that the libraries and your program contains so that compiler can verify that your program is correct and can be compiled. So the compiler was trying to tell you that method printin doesn't exist and you should look at its name. I'm sorry that I got carried away with this, I'm just really happy that I made my final on compilers last week (we had to write a compiler that translates subset of FreeBASIC to custom 3-address code for a project in that course). It happens to the best of us Don't let this stop you, later down the line you will definitely forget a semi-colon somewhere and that is going to be a wild hunt But semantic errors are the worst - you will compile the code, it compiles, but does something else and you don't know why.