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Everything posted by jj9987

  1. Every IP block is assigned to a specific ASN. You can't get an ASN if you do not literally own the IP. ASNs aren't done for single addresses either, only IP address blocks. Why would you even need an ASN?
  2. The post above is a good introduction. I'll give some additional overview (simplified, not fully detailed) as to what to expect from all this. ASN (Autonomous System Number) is assigned to an ISP or a service provider, who owns some IP prefix (be that IPv4 or IPv6). To get one, you first need to buy (or rent) yourself some IP space/prefix. IPv4 is really expensive, as there is a major shortage for it and cloud providers, who really need them, are really paying big bucks to get them. For IPv4, prices start at about 20-25$ USD per IP and no one is gonna bother selling smaller than /24 block these days (that is, 256 IP addresses). Once you have acquired an IP block, you need to register them at your RIR (ARIN, APNIC, AFRINIC, LACNIC or RIPE). The registration also costs and there are quite a number of requirements involved. After that, you can start assigning the IPs to the servers. But to make them accessible from the Internet, you need to make setup BGP routing. Basically you need to configure BGP system on your outside router to publish that "hey, I know where x.x.x.x/x IP space is" and that info is then propagated to every other public router in the world, that deals with BGP. That's how users can eventually connect to your IPs/servers - all the routers inbetween know where the servers on your IPs are and where the packets should be forwarded to. Not all cloud providers allow you to do any BGP. If you intend to have your own physical servers, you need to also consider where the servers will be, which IX it is connected to etc. And of course all the other hosting company worries - uptime, reliability, stability, maintenance, customer support, network, redundancy, storage, CPU/RAM, firewalls etc.
  3. Registered RAM (RDIMM) is only supported on Threadripper and EPYC platforms. Ryzen can only use unregistered ECC (UDIMM) RAM, if the motherboard supports it. These two use different protocols for communication.
  4. I have tried reseating memory, but not the CPU yet. Will do it today or tomorrow evening. I don't have any peripherals connected to the system. It's possible that HBA killed the mobo - I tried it in another server too, still worked okay.
  5. You can just create an archive of folders/files and encrypt with OpenSSL for example. Or if you want full disk image, you can use dd to generate a disk image and then encrypt it in a similar way. Or you can use cryptsetup to create an encrypted image and then mount it to your OS as ext4 or some other partition and have that image file backed up. Or use a VeraCrypt container.
  6. I'm not getting any video output (just no signal on the displays). Since it is not booting to the OS either, my guess is it is not POSTing. I was trying to use ASUS CrashFree BIOS to get it updated (basically recovery), but it doesn't seem to be running either - not getting anything that would hint that it ran.
  7. So I recently decided to refresh my server (previous specs were Xeon E5-2675v3, Asus Z10PA-D8 and 64GB ECC DDR4) and upgraded to a 3900x with Asus X570 Prime Pro and 2x 32 GB 3200 MHz Crucial Ballistix. Rest of the components are the same (the HX1000 PSU is about a year old). I assembled the system, it ran initially fine in headless mode (booted without GPU into OS just fine). The server is running unRAID, so it is booting from USB and all SATA drives are storage drives (not booting from any of them). So recently I got a Dell H310 HBA card, plugged it in, but it was giving out some SMART errors for the disks. Took it out, switched drives back to motherboard SATA, but I haven't gotten the system to boot after that. It's only showing me the white debug LED, which stands for VGA. So I got a cheap GT430 (1 GB GDDR3) GPU, made sure it is working, but the server still isn't booting up. I am using HDMI cable to connect it to my TV (because it is too far away from usual monitors to use). Tried another slot, clearing CMOS, reseating RAM - nothing helped. I remember updating BIOS to 2606, but not sure if the problems started after that. I will be trying to get the BIOS to latest 2802 with the USB stick. What else can I try? The parts are new, I somehow don't believe I got faulty parts. EDIT: Tried different monitor and different HDMI cable - still nothing.
  8. Lenovo (and some other manufacturers) create a second partition on the drive to reserve for recovery. Generally it is not necessary and just includes basic utilities for regular consumer. It is still located on the same drive as your OS.
  9. Any 2.5 SATA SSD will do for your use case. At minimum you need 128 GB storage, for Windows, apps etc. Choose the capacity based on how much stuff you got.
  10. 3600 (nor 3300x) does not have on-board graphics. Only AMD APU series have integrated graphics.
  11. Depends on what you will be using it for. i5-10400 is quite a bit less performant in some workloads compared to the Ryzen 5 3600. For purely gaming, the difference isn't that big. If you are on a budget, the motherboard choice can also affect your total cost.
  12. If your aim is to get better speed for a single connection/device - that's not gonna solve your problem. Your download speeds will stay the same per download, but it is possible to have 2 downloads, where one uses the first SIM and the other one second SIM. But there are no routers, that can do this - there is barely any market for that. Plus configuring it and actually having proper load balancing would not be very cheap - even general household routers don't generally do this, it is enterprise level router feature, that needs careful planning and setup.
  13. This. What are you testing? Are you not getting the performance numbers that you have expected? Are you sure, that SMB is even the bottleneck there?
  14. You can only change the BCLK (base clock), but that also affects almost every other component on the motherboard (including RAM) and generally can bring up to 5 MHz difference in order to remain stable. So really, you can't.
  15. Thermaltake is quite a bit more known name in the AIO industry, they have been doing it for a while. MSI on the other hand is fresh here, It just takes time for a company to prove their products are worthwhile, reliable etc - MSI is doing that now. So they need some incentive to get people to buy them.
  16. Looking at the kind of numbers that AMD is showing, I'm expecting there to be a big demand for those CPUs. And the smaller core count CPUs will be released even later (who knows when). So the question is, how long are you willing to wait.
  17. You could run just Storage Spaces, if you plan to use Windows on the system.
  18. The liquid is not supposed to get very hot. It is in constant movement and is getting cooled by the air passing through radiator. 35C is quite fine.
  19. Generally flashing wrong BIOS results in a soft brick - it's recoverable, but requires advanced tools and skills, that general consumer usually does not have access to. You need to contact a repair service, who has necessary equipment for that.
  20. Intel 10th gen CPUs require Z490 (best/most optimal choice for an i9), H470, B460 or H410 chipset motherboard. Would you also consider going AMD Ryzen?
  21. You can't upgrade your motherboard only. The only way to upgrade your motherboard is by upgrading to a completely new platform, which will require DDR memory and a newer CPU at the same time. The motherboard is as good as your current gen hardware allows.
  22. Those tools tend to get drivers from shady sources sometimes or not fully compatible ones. If you aren't having any issues with your system, don't worry about the drivers that much. Even worse, upgrading/installing drivers from unknown sources could have a negative effect.
  23. Yes, it's very possible. The server doesn't need GUI at all. Here's some good instructions - https://minecraft.gamepedia.com/Tutorials/Setting_up_a_server