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    taxi.jpg

     

    Sacramento is home for tourist attractions where people can enjoy their dreamiest holidays with the happiest memories. Our taxi sacramento airport licenses specific taxi and shuttle companies to ensure airport visitors and travellers receive a high standard of service. Sacramento taxis are everywhere and also the most available and most convenient form of transportation from and to any airport. We are always here to help you with all your concerns about transport and help you to have a safe journey.

     

    We are the best preferential transportation services for first-level officials and visitors. You have seen our yellow taxis around the town and it is very easy for you to take a ride for yourself. We offer a lot of transportation options for you from San Francisco to Sacramento or from Sacramento to San Francisco International Airport conveniently. We arrange our world class sacramento taxis immediately in front of the airport terminals to serve you to and from the to other nearby areas.

     

    Travelers can choose their time of departure and arrival to and from the airport. This can make sure that travelers can check-in on time and avoid delays in the airport. If you are approached in the arrivals hall for taxi service, please only use the Yellow cab taxis directly in front of the arrivals hall. Customers are taken directly from the international arrivals area to the vehicles without having to exit the airport building. Our late model, safe and luxury cabs with authorized access to the first lane in order to ensure provide you with the best services.

     

    Sacramento taxi has a well-trained staff and taxi drivers who undergo regular refresh training, the safety of our customers is assured and you never have to worry about reckless driving. They are also good capacity to use English or ability to communicate in some other languages. They will give proper direction how to go to the desired tourist spot from the reserved hotels. That means you are ensured to arrive at your destination relaxed and ready for anything.

     

    Our wide variety of taxi services ensures that we cover all of our customers’ needs from airport shuttles to business travelers and any other taxi cab services like a trip around the town. With our smartphone booking applications will allow travelers to calculate the fare beforehand. This system provides the user with accurate information on fares, travel time, and even information about the taxi or taxi driver. Let us help you enjoy your time in Sacramento, without worrying about where your car is or how you’re getting home.

     

    Giving you a great customer service is our most important consideration so our qualified and friendly staff, we are ready to provide comfortable services to our customers. Our knowledgeable drivers are well informed about the town routes, they are able to move around swiftly and avoid traffic by taking alternative and faster routes. We ensure our customers receive a reliable taxi cab service. Whether you are setting out on an important business trip, a few days away or returning from the holiday of a lifetime we are here to help you.

     

    Moreover, our airport taxis provide entertainment and leisure for their passengers whenever they need to pass the time. Our polite, well-dressed and helpful drivers ensure that your journey is comfortable and safe as well. We surely explain the detailed destined places and the connecting routes while on the way. Your itinerary is planned and executed by you when you want to roam around the airport and shop in the duty-free shops nearby it is not an issue.

     

    Our taxi services make use of taxi meters that can provide accurate pricing for customers on any day. The reliable information that the taxi meter delivers puts taxi services as one of the most reliable transportation service providers. Our special taxis are also available for larger families or for passengers travelling with a lot of baggage. For your convenience our taxi coordinators will assist you with loading your luggage and boarding your taxi so you don’t even have to walk and carry your heavy luggage.

     

    To sum up, Sacramento Taxi Yellow Cab is a reliable taxi service company that offers safe, clean and dependable taxi service. We ensure our customers receive a reliable taxi cab service when our professional drivers who are there at your service whenever and wherever you need them. Just make a reservation using our form and tell us about your next trip then you will get an accurate price. Call us right today at (916) 888-2222 to book a taxi for your journey in Sacramento now.

     

  1. Chalkie
    Latest Entry

    Today I have woken up in a lot of pain in my shoulders, upper back and the tops of my legs :( I keep getting up and stretching to try and ease it, as they say, no pain no gain!

  2. The Super Smash Bros. Ultimate release date is 7th Dec. It means players have to wait another six months before meeting with the Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, long time for us to wait, So, Can we use Xecuter SX Pro on Nintendo Switch for playing Super Smash Bros. Ultimate? How to play Super Smash Bros. Ultimate with Xecuter SX Pro? In this article, we will share the answers with you.

    The news of Super Smash Bros. Ultimate update from E3 2018

    Nintendo's upcoming Super Smash Bros. game, Super Smash Bros. Ultimate for Nintendo Switch, was finally revealed during the company's E3 2018 Direct presentation. As the company began to rattle off the roster of playable characters, there was one thing that slowly became increasingly clear: Everyone is here.

    Out December 7, 2018, Smash Ultimate reaches for single JoyCon players and, with Nintendo's upcoming release of new GameCube controllers, competitive Smash purists. It's fast, like pros' beloved Melee, but also includes the trappings of Smash nostalgia with the return of the Saffron City stage, with refreshed graphics for 2018. After twenty minutes of hands-on with Smash Ultimate'slimited E3 demo, it's clear that this game is reaching to pull in each extreme of the franchise's fan base. Its huge, all-inclusive roster is the most obvious signal.

    72630126-4ad3-408b-af99-3499b369614c.gif5290a599-0ff4-401f-a3f7-d60f687d22ff.png

    Can we use Xecuter SX Pro on Nintendo Switch for playing Super Smash Bros. Ultimate?

    Of course yes, we know it's a long time to wait for playing Super Smash Bros. Ultimate on Nintendo Switch. The official release date is 7th Dec. The reason for their surprise is clear when you understand how the new game will work. Super Smash Bros. Ultimate launches on the Nintendo Switch in December, and when it comes out it, will be the most comprehensive version of Smash to date. Its cast of characters totals more than 60 fighters — including new additions like Ridley from Metroid and the Splatoon inklings — each of which has been meticulously tweaked and updated to fit in the new game. Characters like Link and Mario have new looks to match their most recent adventures; Link sports a Breath of the Wild outfit, for instance, while Mario is now accompanied by his Super Mario Odyssey sidekick Cappy.

    All about new game Switch Super Smash Bros. Ultimate

    • A new game in the series Super Smash Bros. Released on December 7, 2018
    • New fighters, new scenes, AND all the fighters of the series ... NEVER!
    • Inkling of the Splatoon series joins the list
    • Ridley of the Metroid series also joins the fight
    • Returning fighters include Wolf, Ice Climbers, Pokémon Trainer and more
    • Raise the Super Smash Bros. experience to new heights with faster fights, new attacks, new items and new defensive options
    • Hold a 4-player for all, or throw it up to 8 battles *
    • All Amiibo figures from the Super Smash Bros. series. are supported

    How to play Super Smash Bros. Ultimate with Xecuter SX Pro?

    Xecuter SX Pro is a hacking product to play free games on Nintendo Switch, announced in recent weeks, the SX Pro is a perfect kit to hack the Nintendo Switch 5.1.0, regardless of its region.

    The roms that work on SX Pro Switch is in .XCI dumped format of the official game cartridge. Then the Super Smash Bros. Ultimate .XCI will it be possible to run for free on Nintendo Switch thanks to SX Pro?

    The answer is yes of course, what we must do is to wait for the leaked ROM, you can keep the site www.1fichier.com in mind, which is a site of the Roma for 3DS, Wii U and Switch. Once the Super Smash Bros. Ultimate .XCI leaked on the net, you can find it in the early days.

    Now the game Super Smash Bros. Ultimate is in pre-order at a price of 59.99 $ on Amazon so a SX Pro costs only 45.8 $ on SKY-3DS.COM which can run hundreds of free Switch games!

    da4c4341-3c4e-449f-9508-24a42fe7bb08.png

    So. we can confirm that it's possible to update the game online with Xecuter SX Pro. It's the time to purchase Xecuter SX Pro and OS for hacking Nintendo Switch, Choosing a legit site is the first step. let me introduce our site SKY-3DS.com, we are the reliable site, you can search us on Team Xecuter official site. Why? Because you can buy the SX PRO/SX OS with voucher code, multiple shipments(free/USPS/DHL), Paypal/credit card payment from us. Moreover, as Mid Year Sale, SX Pro and many 3DS Flashcarts are On Sale in our site. Just check here, you can get a few of voucher codes to use.

  3. When you install an application using some install process, you'd think a lot is going on in the background aside from copying files to the install location. But for the most part, that's all it's really doing. Depending on how the application was designed and programmed, it'll be looking for files or libraries in certain places. So if said files or libraries don't already exist, the installer is making sure they get put in the right place. The only other thing that happens is to write some entry in the application manager that this application exists how to uninstall it. All uninstalling then is it's the reverse of this process. However, the uninstaller may not remove everything the installer put on, because some of those files may be libraries that other applications might use. An example of this is if the installer put on a version of Microsoft's Visual C++ runtime. The actual app uninstaller won't remove that because it's a library.

     

    On that note, if all of the support files for the application are in place and anything extra it needs comes with the application, then there's really no need to "install" it. The application won't care it's not in the application manager nor will the OS (unless it's locked down for some reason).

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    Since I have updated my windows 8.1 to windows 10. I came to realize that my pc is getting the drastic worm. Also sometimes it becomes a hang. So, I made some research found the solutions which I got from Microsoft official help site. Those who have this type of problem, they can get help from this Microsoft official help site:

    https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_10-other_settings/runtime-broker-high-cpu-usage/4302a4dd-44c1-474e-8e6a-3c00889c65a7?auth=1

  4.  

    98BE4607-2A59-4FBF-A736-785D5FD7A211.jpeg.86a5d4a1bf20a1752cddd751ff9839f4.jpeg

    It’s official. NVIDIA’s GeForce Partner Program has been killed off by NVIDIA after weeks of controversy surrounding the potential implications, not helped by the news that ASUS launched the AREZ line as their new home for formerly RoG-branded products which utilized Radeon GPUs.

     

    In a blog post, NVIDIA had the following to say;

    Quote

    A lot has been said recently about our GeForce Partner Program. The rumors, conjecture and mistruths go far beyond its intent. Rather than battling misinformation, we have decided to cancel the program.

    GPP had a simple goal – ensuring that gamers know what they are buying and can make a clear choice.

    NVIDIA creates cutting-edge technologies for gamers. We have dedicated our lives to it. We do our work at a crazy intense level – investing billions to invent the future and ensure that amazing NVIDIA tech keeps coming. We do this work because we know gamers love it and appreciate it. Gamers want the best GPU tech. GPP was about making sure gamers who want NVIDIA tech get NVIDIA tech.

    With GPP, we asked our partners to brand their products in a way that would be crystal clear. The choice of GPU greatly defines a gaming platform. So, the GPU brand should be clearly transparent – no substitute GPUs hidden behind a pile of techno-jargon.

    Most partners agreed. They own their brands and GPP didn’t change that. They decide how they want to convey their product promise to gamers. Still, today we are pulling the plug on GPP to avoid any distraction from the super exciting work we’re doing to bring amazing advances to PC gaming.

    This is a great time to be a GeForce partner and be part of the fastest growing gaming platform in the world. The GeForce gaming platform is rich with the most advanced technology. And with GeForce Experience, it is “the way it’s meant to be played.”

    Source: https://blogs.nvidia.com/blog/2018/05/04/gpp/

     

    If you’re like some of the other guys on here, you may be cringing a bit at the statement, especially the part where it was implied that the purpose of the GPP was to ensure that gamers who want NVIDIA tech know what they’re getting (which is contradicted with the fact that the boxes already do the job more than well enough). Well, don’t feel too awkward because this is pretty much a typical damage-control type of PR statement aimed to reduce whatever damage the controversy had done to NVIDIA’s image.

     

    If you need a refresher, the GeForce Partner Program is a program for AIBs which grants them first-level access to new tech from NVIDIA along with advice from engineers along with free publicity. NVIDIA states that it is not compulsory to join the program though it would be fair to assume that companies may lose out on competitiveness if they do not join versus those that have joined. However, one unmentioned portion (and one that has been controversial) is that when part of the program, the respective company’s core gaming brand must be exclusively aligned towards GeForce GPUs, meaning that if for instance, ASUS joined the GPP (which they did), that would mean that their core gaming brand, the Republic of Gamers, would need to have their GPU-line be GeForce-exclusive, which also means that the Radeon cards would need to have the RoG branding stripped and branded as something else.

     

    This has several implications, chief among which is that this places AMD and other potential competitors in a further uncompetitive position in the mainstream sector due to the general Tom, Dick and Harry’s tendency to pick parts based on brand rather than based on the actual product. A customer who isn’t tech-savvy would definitely know “Republic of Gamers” but “AREZ” may be relatively unknown to them. NVIDIA’s cancellation of the GPP has a lot to do with this controversy but even though the GPP is dead, the damage is already done.

     

    Many of the rival offerings have already had their gaming brands from their respective companies stripped and either placed in a lower, “non-gaming” tier or placed in a new brand that has been created due to the GPP (such as the aforementioned AREZ lineup from ASUS). The death of the GPP does not necessarily mean that companies will immediately start to put the Radeon GPUs back into their gaming lineup as rebranding isn’t as simple and requires a bit of resources to make it work, especially when trying to build it up again. Plus, there’s no reason to doubt that NVIDIA may try something similar in the future, albeit in a more subtle manner.6943CEF5-CDF0-44EE-BA2D-1A5D58B362D5.jpeg.e872dced7feac8b0cbed5548c351f9f2.jpeg

     

    While the effects of the GPP wouldn’t affect the product that you and I enthusiasts end up getting since the basic product is the same with a different brand, competition is important in the industry and what NVIDIA has done shouldn’t be overlooked. The GPP may be dead but its effects linger on.

  5. My experience while dual-booting both Windows 7 and Windows 10 is that more games run on Windows 7, and games run better on Windows 7.

     

    1. Windows 10 has DirectX 12, but Windows 7 has Vulkan, which does the same thing as DirectX 12. And Vulkan seems to be the favourite between the two by current developers, due to its cross-platform abilities and open-source nature. The only games that you'll miss out on by not having Windows 10 and DirectX12 are Microsoft exclusive games (as Microsoft wants to force people to Windows 10 by withholding their games from other markets).

     

    And there ends the only semi / potential benefit of gaming on Windows 10 that I'm aware of.

     

    2. If you play old games, then Windows 7 natively had better compatibility for them. Some games I haven't even been able to get to run in Windows 10. I can't immediately think of the list off the top of my head, but the MechWarrior 4 series is one of the recent ones, and there have been others, too. Granted, MechWarrior 4 Mercenaries still takes some tweaking in Windows 7 to get it running, but at least I was able to get it running.

     

    3. Another point is that, though many older games can be played in Windows 7 and 10 with some tweaking, they might take more tweaking to get working in Windows 10 than in Windows 7. There are some compatibility features that are just present in Windows 7 which are either turned off by default in Windows 10, or are missing and need to be added manually. This can included absent system DLL files, or something like .NET Framework 3.5 for legacy game support which needs to be manually enabled in Windows 10.

     

    4. While some people mention that FPS between Windows 7 and Windows 10 should be mostly similar (some more in one OS, and some more in the other), there are some definite and even serious caveats to that:

     

    - Due to Windows 10's ironically-titled * Game Mode which is turned on by default, Windows 10 seems to lose some FPS in a lot of situations unless that Game Mode is disabled.

     

    - If you play Ubisoft games, they get a chunk more FPS in Windows 7 than they do in Windows 10. Sure, Ubisoft is just bad at PC coding, or whatever else you want to explain it as, but the fact is, Ubisoft games get a chunk more FPS in Windows 7 than they do in Windows 10.

     

    5. Also, Windows 10 interrupts gaming sessions with background downloading, updates, system resets, and the general diminished stability that Windows 10 has compared to Windows 7.

     

    6. Lastly, there are mounds more community guides, fixes, and tweaks designed for older games running in Windows 7 than there are for older games running in Windows 10.

     

     

    In my view, without a doubt, Windows 7 is more stable, more reliable, and more compatible with a wider range of games than Windows 10 is. And Windows 7 is at least on-par with Windows 10 in the area of FPS. If you just want a rock-solid gaming rig that can do just about everything while not interrupting or obstructing your experiences, then I think that Windows 7 is the way to go, as I think that Windows 10 is a compromised experience both in and out of games.

     



    * LTT made a video comparing Windows 10 running games in Game Mode to running games with Game Mode turned off:

     

  6. DMVPN is mentioned in the official CCNA guide and also in the CCNP (specifically Routing and Switching I'm talking here) but it isn't really listed to configure in the exam topics for the CCNP route. The exam blueprints state you need to 'Describe' but if you've ever attempted a Cisco exam before then you might know, that doesn't mean you might get a question related to the configuration side. We are going to be looking at a simple lab with some theory behind DMVPN without the encryption, but a basic explanation what DMVPN is:

     

    DMVPN (Dynamic Multipoint VPN) isn't a protocol within itself, but is crafted by the various protocols used together to achieve what DMVPN does. It allows us to create a hub-spoke like topology with spokes being able to dynamically form a VPN between other remote spokes and the Hub. The protocols that create DMVPN:

     

    -Multipoint GRE

    -NHRP

    -A dynamic routing protocol (common: EIGRP or OSPF)

     

    IPSec is also a common protocol used but it isn't actually a requirement (although it is preferred since running plain GRE isn't the best idea...). Technically you don't actually need to run a dynamic routing protocol and have static routes but again it is very common to see a dynamic routing protocol. Before moving onto a basic introduction to configuration and the design, DMVPN can scale very large (thousands of remote sites) and not only allows our spokes with dynamic IP addresses to participate in the design but also the configuration is very effective instead of creating static tunnels for loads of remote sites.

     

    The single hub topology design

    image.png.08b0f10f498e8d33fb71698184f39dfc.png

     

    This topology will use the internet as the underlay to transport our packets, although we will create an 'overlay' using multipoint GRE to carry our site traffic (10.x.x.x) using EIGRP. In DMVPN, we use the terms 'underlay' and 'overlay' a bit similar to GRE over IPSec where IPSec is used as the protocol to transport GRE otherwise we will have no protection. GRE is normally used to transport different traffic since IPSec itself can only carry unicast traffic, it you want to take advantage of multicast and other types of traffic then you can encapsulate with GRE and then send it over the IPSec tunnel as a unicast packet. In our case, we could even just use IPSec without GRE and just define the neighbors in our routing protocol so our updates and hellos etc.. are sent via unicast instead of multicast, that bypasses the learning and fun we'll see in this post!

     

    Multipoint GRE
     

    Why not use typical GRE point to point tunnels? Firstly, this defeats the whole purpose what DMVPN achieves, it allows us to manage our design with ease and dynamically form tunnels with remote spokes and with the HUB. If we have a static tunnel configuration, think about it we need X amount of tunnels configured on the HUB depending how many spokes are in our design and then a tunnel from the spoke to the HUB, and then finally a tunnel from SpokeX to every single other spoke that exist if you need Spoke-Spoke communication without traffic traversing through the HUB.

     

    Multipoint GRE allows a single tunnel configuration to then dynamically form tunnels without the need of loads of 'interface tunnel x' in the configuration. It can take the configuration of the single interface and then use NHRP to dynamically form tunnels to other routers.

     

    NHRP

     

    Next Hop resolution protocol is the protocol in DMVPN which makes it possible for spokes to register their public IP address according to their tunnel interface IP address whether the public facing interface is static or dynamic. Everyone explains NHRP like ARP but on the internet instead of within a local LAN. The protocol works as a server-client model where clients would point to a server to register their address (more specifically their NBMA aka Non Broadcast Multi Access). We will look at NHRP in more detail not only with configuration but also verification commands and more theory when we actually see outputs.

     

    Dynamic Routing Protocol


    As I've mentioned, a routing protocol isn't actually a requirement for DMVPN although as you may know, a dynamic routing protocol makes routing more scalable when working with a large amount of subnets/networks. We will be using EIGRP in this example.

     

    IPSec

     

    There are many design guides and generic guides on the web which show different methods such as using an IPSec profile directly in IOS or even having a firewall which offloads the resources for IPSec tunnels and then a router performing the GRE/NHRP etc.. In our example, I won't be using IPSec since the ipsec configuration is straight forward to lab but also very easy to setup using preshared keys, it gets more interesting when you begin to introduce a PKI server for certificates and IPSec enrollment instead of using keys/shared secrets...

     

    Basic configuration

    Starting with the basic configuration of all the routers so you can follow along:

    Spoiler
    
    !HUB
    interface Loopback0
     ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface Loopback1
     ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface Loopback2
     ip address 10.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface Loopback3
     ip address 10.0.3.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0
     ip address 20.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    !
    ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 20.0.0.2
    
    !ISP
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0
     ip address 20.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/1
     ip address 1.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/2
     ip address 2.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/3
     ip address 3.0.0.2 255.255.255.252
    
    !Spoke-1
    interface Loopback0
     ip address 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0
     ip address 1.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    !
    ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 1.0.0.2
    
    !Spoke-2
    interface Loopback0
     ip address 10.10.2.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0
     ip address 2.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    !
    ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 2.0.0.2
    
    !Spoke-3
    interface Loopback0
     ip address 10.10.3.1 255.255.255.0
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet0/0
     ip address 3.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    !
    ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 3.0.0.2

     

    Starting with a basic check, we can ping each spoke from the HUB:

    HUB#ping 1.0.0.1
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 1.0.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 5/5/6 ms
    HUB#ping 2.0.0.1
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2.0.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 4/5/6 ms
    HUB#ping 3.0.0.1
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3.0.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 5/5/6 ms

    Firstly, lets start with some basic tunnel configuration. What we need to configure, an overlay which will use the 192.168.254.0/24 network for the tunnels to communicate. Lets go ahead and actually configure some other important commands on our HUB which will also act as the 'Next Hop Server aka NHS' for NHRP.

     

    HUB Configuration (Phase 1)

    interface Tunnel0
     ip address 192.168.254.1 255.255.255.0
     no ip redirects
     ip nhrp map multicast dynamic
     ip nhrp network-id 10
     tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0
     tunnel mode gre multipoint
     tunnel key 1

    ip nhrp map multicast dynamic

    On the hub, this command serves to map multicast packets to the mappings that are created within the NHRP database.

    ip nhrp network-id 10

    This is similar to the tunnel key command, where we can identify specific NHRP networks but this must match on all routers, this is required in a NHRP configuration.

    tunnel key 1

    The tunnel key command in a tunnel configuration mode allows us to define which tunnel specific packets belong to, this is important when we have multiple tunnels on the interface and as a best practice I like to specify this even with a single tunnel configuration. 

     

    Spoke Configuration (Phase 1)

    interface tunnel 0
     ip address 192.168.254.(x) 255.255.255.0 !Spoke-1 .10, Spoke-2 .20 and Spoke-3 as .30
     no ip redirects
     ip nhrp map 192.168.254.1 20.0.0.1
     ip nhrp network-id 10
     ip nhrp nhs 192.168.254.1
     tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0
     tunnel mode gre multipoint
     tunnel key 1

     

    Let's capture some packets! If I shut down the tunnel interface on Spoke-1 and turn it back on, this looks like the things thing that happens relating to NHRP, which also reflects the configuration we have done.

    image.png.a411d7ad8bdb621e5131ff250bca1d4a.png

    Let's look into the NHRP packet itself and then see what conversation is going on. We'll look into the interesting stuff without getting into too much depth:

    image.png.90a6ece6a414ef76e5fd95714af433a5.png

     

    Firstly, Spoke-1 sends a NHRP Registration request (to 20.0.0.1 which is the HUB), you can see this request holds some information which will build the NHRP database we will see shortly. Spoke-1 actually announces its own NBMA address and the protocol address (in our case its our tunnel: 192.168.254.10, destination to 192.168.254.1 the tunnel interface on the HUB). These NHRP requests will be sent every 1/3rd of the Hold timer which by default is 7200s (found under the 'Client Information Entry'). The client expects a reply and will keep sending out NHRP requests double time (from 1, 2, 4 etc.. to 32... that is the theory for those CCNP exam takers!)

     

    Next, we receive a reply from 20.0.0.1 (HUB), which looks like:

    image.png.0b9d2de2853c28e3168519fbb068a363.png

     

    If we take a quick look at RFC2332, its states that Code 0 is indeed a successful register with the NHS. The next 2 packets were actually a repeated request/successful request which we won't dive into because they look the same as the above 2 request and reply NHRP packets.

     

    With all the spokes configured, this process happens fairly quickly in our lab environment and we can now see a populated NHRP database which can be found using:

    HUB#show dmvpn
    
    Interface: Tunnel0, IPv4 NHRP Details 
    Type:Hub, NHRP Peers:3, 
    
     # Ent  Peer NBMA Addr Peer Tunnel Add State  UpDn Tm Attrb
     ----- --------------- --------------- ----- -------- -----
         1 1.0.0.1          192.168.254.10    UP 00:16:59     D
         1 2.0.0.1          192.168.254.20    UP 00:15:08     D
         1 3.0.0.1          192.168.254.30    UP 00:14:54     D
    HUB#ping 192.168.254.10
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.254.10, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 6/6/8 ms
    HUB#ping 192.168.254.20
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.254.20, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 6/6/8 ms
    HUB#ping 192.168.254.30
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.254.30, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 6/6/7 ms

    Do you think we would be able to ping Spoke-1 (192.168.254.10) from Spoke-2?

    Spoke-2#ping 192.168.254.10
    Type escape sequence to abort.
    Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.254.10, timeout is 2 seconds:
    !!!!!
    Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 6/12/25 ms

    The answer is yes! Although something happens behind the scenes. How could Spoke-2 possibly know how to get to 192.168.254.10? What happened was Spoke-2 actually send an NHRP request to its NHS (192.168.254.1). Because we have mapped the public IP address 20.0.0.1 to reach the HUB/NHS we can instantly send a request for 192.168.254.10.

     

    image.png.9ccaff017220af8c75de2651b7f76a2d.png

     

    You can see above, we sent our NBMA and the Tunnel address, but the destination is 192.168.254.10. We are going to practically be asking, what is the NMBA address for 192.168.254.10? Now this is the part where NHRP gets interesting, try to see if something looks different below:

    image.png.45ab9d3c5a486ffb0508b34aaa87cd28.png

     

    If we just explain a quick overview, we send an NHRP request for 192.168.254.10 to 20.0.0.1 (which is our NHS). When the request hits the NHS, it will actually send it to the NMBA which is registered in the NHRP database (being 1.0.0.1). Spoke-1 (1.0.0.1) actually replies with its information (NMBA and Tunnel address 192.168.254.10). If we do a traceroute from Spoke-2 when the NHRP table is cleared on Spoke-2, have a look at the results that prove this:

     

    Spoke-2#traceroute 192.168.254.10
      1 192.168.254.1 9 msec
        192.168.254.10 7 msec 6 msec
    
    Spoke-2#show dmvpn               
    
    Interface: Tunnel0, IPv4 NHRP Details 
    Type:Spoke, NHRP Peers:2, 
    
     # Ent  Peer NBMA Addr Peer Tunnel Add State  UpDn Tm Attrb
     ----- --------------- --------------- ----- -------- -----
         1 20.0.0.1          192.168.254.1    UP 00:27:00     S
         1 1.0.0.1          192.168.254.10    UP 00:00:23     D
    
    Spoke-2#traceroute 192.168.254.10
      1 192.168.254.10 8 msec 7 msec * 

    If the entry is not in our NHRP database, then the first few packets/traffic will traverse through the HUB until we receive the reply with the NBMA address of Spoke-1. This is the dynamic part of DMVPN already in action, because we learn the address to send traffic to if we want to directly communicate with that Spoke.

     

    When we start advertising our networks from the spokes, this will change and then we can start talking about the different phases that can change the flow of traffic and how routes are propagated throughout this DMVPN design. We are going to configure EIGRP to setup a relationship which each neighbor but also advertise the loopbacks into EIGRP.

    router eigrp 1
     network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255
     network 192.168.254.0 0.0.0.255

    We can put a more granular network statement to chose what participates into EIGRP but let us keep it simple and sweet. We'll look at the phases in DMVPN which can change our traffic flow and how we learn routes. Before moving on, we can come across an issue with EIGRP neighbor flapping with the tunnels, we must include a command in our tunnel configuration on each spoke which allows us to map multicast traffic to the NBMA address of the Hub.

    interface tunnel 0
     ip nhrp map multicast 20.0.0.1

    Confirming EIGRP neighbors on the HUB:

    HUB#sh ip eigrp ne
    EIGRP-IPv4 Neighbors for AS(1)
    H   Address                 Interface              Hold Uptime   SRTT   RTO  Q  Seq
                                                       (sec)         (ms)       Cnt Num
    2   192.168.254.30          Tu0                      14 00:02:02   12  1506  0  5
    1   192.168.254.20          Tu0                      13 00:02:07  624  3744  0  5
    0   192.168.254.10          Tu0                      11 00:02:16    9  1506  0  6

    EIGRP issues

    If we have a look at the routes that the HUB has dynamically learned via EIGRP:

    HUB#sh ip route eigrp
          10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 11 subnets, 2 masks
    D        10.10.1.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.10, 00:05:46, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.2.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.20, 00:05:38, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.3.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.30, 00:05:30, Tunnel0

    There is an issue that can occur because of the default behaviour with EIGRP, if we take a look at the routing table for Spoke-3:

    Spoke-3#show ip route eigrp
          10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 6 subnets, 2 masks
    D        10.0.0.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:06:29, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.1.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:06:29, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.2.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:06:29, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.3.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:06:29, Tunnel0

    We can see routes behind the HUB (eg. loopbacks) that can successfully be reached via the Tunnel interface, the issue is with routes from other spokes. The default behaviour with EIGRP is to not advertise a route out of an interface which it was received on (eg. Tunnel 0), this is a very good example of Split Horizon which is also apart of RIP and how that protocol works. We can simply solve this with an interface command on the HUB:

    interface tunnel 0
     no ip split-horizon eigrp 1

    Looking back at the routing table for Spoke-3:

    Spoke-3#show ip route eigrp
          10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 8 subnets, 2 masks
    D        10.0.0.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:09:07, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.1.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:09:07, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.2.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:09:07, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.3.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:09:07, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.1.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:12, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.2.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:12, Tunnel0

     

    DMVPN Phases

    The phases are kind of steps during the DMVPN process when you have:

    Phase 1) Only Hub-Spoke traffic

    Phase 2) Spokes can then dynamically form tunnels with other spokes, no need to go through the HUB (firstly initial traffic will go through HUB because of the NHRP request)

    Phase 3) Spokes can dynamically reply to a NHRP request and spokes can work together without the HUB to initiate traffic between them

     

    Phase 1

    During phase 1, our traffic will ALWAYS go through the HUB because although we have turned off 'split horizon', the HUB will advertise the routes from other spokes via itself. The next hop IP address in the routing table will show the HUBs IP address as shown below: (Notice all routes are reachable via 192.168.254.1)

     

    Spoke-1#show ip route eigrp
          10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 8 subnets, 2 masks
    D        10.0.0.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:49:16, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.1.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:49:16, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.2.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:49:16, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.3.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:49:16, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.2.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:40:05, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.3.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:40:05, Tunnel0

    If we simply use a command on the HUB, we can allow the routes to be pushed out without the HUB adding itself as the next hop to reach the network. This is also moving the DMVPN into phase 2 where direct communication between spokes don't need to transverse the HUB all the time.

    interface Tunnel0
     no ip next-hop-self eigrp 1

    Before looking into what this does, now we will take another look at the routing table:

    Spoke-1#show ip route eigrp
          10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 8 subnets, 2 masks
    D        10.0.0.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:21, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.1.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:21, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.2.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:21, Tunnel0
    D        10.0.3.0/24 [90/27008000] via 192.168.254.1, 00:00:21, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.2.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.20, 00:00:21, Tunnel0
    D        10.10.3.0/24 [90/28288000] via 192.168.254.30, 00:00:21, Tunnel0

    We can now see, 10.10.2.0/24 via 192.168.254.20 and 10.10.3.0/24 via 192.168.254.30. This command will not make the HUB advertise the routes via itself. Back to Phase 3, the spoke itself can reply directly to a request because currently the request is being sent to the HUB and then the HUB is forwarding that request towards the destination.

     

    Here is an example of a basic packet capture when Spoke-1 tries to ping 10.10.3.1 (Spoke-3):

    image.png.2f7882ef3a47b5062df7056c412538bc.png

     

    You can see, the original source (1.0.0.1 - Spoke-1) is sent towards 20.0.0.1(HUB) and then, 20.0.0.1(HUB) sends it to 3.0.0.1(Spoke-3). To make this into Phase 3, we can simply add 2 commands on the hub and then a command on each spoke:

    !HUB
    interface tunnel 0
     ip nhrp redirect
     ip nhrp shortcut
    
    !SPOKES
    interface tunnel 0
     ip nhrp shortcut

    Its 3:34AM and I need sleep (said this an hour ago...) so will update this when I get some time tomorrow...

  7. So as visible from the title this ones on the famous flop of a game Destiny 2 which was launched on all platforms. So what is their to rant about with destiny? Their base game is actually designed well, inventory system is clean and flush, The maps are clear and understanding, Gameplay in PVE is well and when you get use to it if your a Destiny 1 player the Crucible is alright. So what is the problem with the game? Oh right the End-Game content and content in general. 

     

    So to start off lets talk about the End game content. Hmm wait there isn't much really, You have Public events and patrols, the weekly and daily milestones, Nightfall and the Raid. But that sounds like a decent amount of end game content. Well in retro speck it isn't purely due to a system they implemented called 'Clans'. When you in an active clan you have many members going around doing things for the clan and getting the clan reward for all members so whats the problem with this? well the system includes Raid equipment drops and not just the Tokens (which I would prefer) so people who don't do the raid will have a chance of getting a raid weapon or gear for minimum effort and to kick in the teeth of the ones who ran the raid the clan engram for the raid will drop it at a higher light level... So like I mentioned if you are in an active clan you can get these drops weekly and with less effort. 

     

    Now what else can I talk about? well the remaining of the end game content is stale (prior to the nightfall update) nightfalls previously didn't drop specific gear for said nightfall, Public events just get repetitive and milestones are usually done within a day (excluding Raid depending on your play style) So what could they have done? Well below i'm gonna give some opinions.

     

    1. Bring back the Daily/Weekly Campaign missions at a harder difficulties,

    This can provide replay ability and also give the player another thing to do and possibly find a rare weapon only available within the Daily/Weekly campaign event... *Cough* Black Spindle *cough*

     

    2. Add an intractable door in the tower which takes you to the last city.

    So to explain this in detail the door would bring you to the last city which would have patrols that would have you clearing out the remaining cabal that are within the city, Have an area like Court of Oryx on the Dreadnaught where you must fend off a wave of Cabal attacking the city from the wall or ones heading towards the tower. It could include things like intractable AI which will give you quests or simply a different prospective of the fall to add to the already 'existent lore', and when you have explored for a while your vanguard will radio you saying that they have a reward for you when you return for helping in the repair of the last city (Daily rewards) nothing amazing maybe vanguard gear which is a light level higher than the current peace you have or randomly give you and exotic engram. 

    This would give more end-game as having a court of oryx type event happen that you can start can lead to more gear to collect and well a fun massive event that more than 6 guardians can participate in.

     

    3. Add back the Randomised weapon roles (I heard they are possibly being brought back)

    This added to the end-game in a way because people would grind to get the 'perfect role' of a weapon and this would then in return improve the crucible than just seeing the Uriels Gift and all the other generic weapons that are soo so common in the Crucible. 

     

    4. Remove the Raid gear engram from the clan post, Meaning they will not get raid gear but be given tokens for the raid vendor (Which only unlocks when you ran the raid once) So this give people the incentive to run the raid to use said tokens and will also provide players with more things to do and or raid helpers. So for this I was thinking you would need to get this drop of tokens for 3 weeks in a row to get one piece of armour/weapon form the vendor. 

     

    Like this is minor things that could use recycled aspects of the game to make possible, You have the assets for the City already since it was used in the second mission (technically second mission) you have the script for the randomised roles on weapons from Destiny one and the same script for the daily/weekly missions

     

    No to be fair this wasn't much of a rant but my opinion on the game and showing what I see as flaws for the hardcore area of the community 

  8. Being Delirious
    Latest Entry

    PCPartPicker part list: https://ca.pcpartpicker.com/list/8vP9GG
    Price breakdown by merchant: https://ca.pcpartpicker.com/list/8vP9GG/by_merchant/

    CPU: Intel - Core i5-8400 2.8GHz 6-Core Processor  ($229.95 @ Vuugo) 
    Memory: G.Skill - Aegis 8GB (1 x 8GB) DDR4-2133 Memory  ($102.99 @ Newegg Canada) 
    Storage: ADATA - SU800  128GB M.2-2280 Solid State Drive  ($66.99 @ Newegg Canada) 
    Storage: Western Digital - Caviar Blue 1TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive  ($47.99 @ Newegg Canada) 
    Video Card: Gigabyte - GeForce GTX 1060 6GB 6GB D5 6G Video Card  ($439.99 @ Newegg Canada) 
    Power Supply: Corsair - CXM 550W 80+ Bronze Certified Semi-Modular ATX Power Supply  ($81.99 @ PC-Canada) 
    Other: ASUS TUF H310-Plus Gaming LGA1151 (300 Series) DDR4 HDMI VGA M.2 ATX Motherboard  ($112.65) 
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    Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available
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  9. How to Get Microsoft Office Specialist Certification?

    Can you imagine a scenario where a single certification can give you the much-desired and much-required career hike?
     
    Yes, it can happen. Not in dreams but in reality. A Microsoft Office Specialist Certification is the key to achieve that. The course if highly reputable in the IT streets and hold a concrete value as well. The certification will instill a comprehensive set of industry-oriented skills and expertise. By doing this certification, you will be well-versed in implementing the integrated modules of Microsoft Office in a real-time situation. It comes with a guarantee to make you proficient in the full features and practicality of Microsoft Office.

    Why go for Microsoft Office Specialist certification?

    Because there is nothing that doesn’t require Microsoft Office. Starting from an austere report to the research-based presentation, everything is made with the comprehensive tools of Microsoft Office only. MS Word, MS Excel, and MS PowerPoint are the three pillars of any business and organization and if you are not aware of their know-how then your survival would be very tough. The certification makes you well-versed in these three most vital tools.

    Here is our guide to getting a Microsoft Certification Office Specialist Certification.

    1. Acquire some basic system knowledge beforehand - Before enrolling yourself to real-time Microsoft Office specialist certification, some basic computer knowledge is essential. However, in today's digital world there would be hardly any single soul which doesn’t know how to operate the computer. Still, predictions are not always true. If you don’t know the basics of the operating system then kindly enroll for a Basic Computer learning course.
    2. Proceed further by enrolling in Microsoft office courses - Once you acquire some basic operating knowledge, it’s time to get enrolled in a professional Microsoft Office Course. The course will help you to have a better understanding of the extensive features of Microsoft Office.
    3. Pick the right certification course - To become a certified Microsoft Office Specialist; you should get a relevant certification. Depending on your skills and your requirements, you can choose particular certification. For instance, professionals who deal with MIS Reports and Sales Reports can go for MS Excel certification. Similarly, MS Word certification is the best option for individuals preparing newsletters, press releases, blogs and any sort of content requirement.
    4. Clear the certification exam - The final step is to clear the certification program. All the Microsoft Office Specialist certification programs require candidates to clear an exam to acquire the certification. The exam is of 90-minute duration and consists of varied questions. If you have attended the classes and did the thorough practice then clearing it would be a tough nut to crack. However, proper guidance is always crucial.

    How to get through the exam?

    Depending on the skills and level, the Microsoft Office Specialist Certification is divided into three categories:

    • Specialist
    • Expert
    • Master

    Each category has a thorough curriculum and demands utmost dedication from candidate’s side to get it cleared Microsoft training. While choosing the Institute for this certification, candidates should be extra careful as many institutes do not provide customer and Online-instructor support. There are institutes like Koenig Solutions with dedicated teams to mentor you and help enhance your understanding of the course materials.

    Who can go for Microsoft Office Specialist Certification?

    This certification is not industry-specific or bounded. Anyone can do this course as Microsoft implementation is vast and varied.

     

    However, profiles like Administrator, Project Managers, Analysts, Marketing Managers, and HR Executives are in deep need of this course. The scope of this course is not limited to professionals. Students can also go this course as today’s education world also demands good operating system knowledge.

     

    So, whether you are a skilled professional working in an MNC or a student pursuing studies, get a Microsoft Office certification and stand above your competitors.

  10. This post contains an extensive analysis of the G-SYNC module's features and behavior. This is not intended to be a review of the S2417DG monitor itself.

     


    Input / Output

    This monitor uses a v2 G-SYNC module, which supports a single DisplayPort 1.2 input and a single HDMI 1.4 input. G-SYNC is only supported over DisplayPort.

     

    This monitor supports up to 165 Hz at 2560×1440 through DisplayPort. The following timings are used for that format: [TODO: IMG]

     

    DisplayPort Behavior

    Unfortunately, the G-SYNC module carries the same behavioral flaws that other DisplayPort monitors have. When the monitor is powered down, the operating system considers the display disconnected, and will re-shuffle application windows and icons to the remaining screens.

     

    This does not occur with DVI or HDMI (including the HDMI port on the G-SYNC module), since DVI and HDMI supply a small amount of power from the source to read the sink EDID of the connected device even when it is powered down, which allows the operating system to still recognize the display. DisplayPort does not allow power to be transmitted from source to sink, as the DP_PWR pin is only intended for use by attached devices (such as adapters).

     

    HDMI Limitations

    The HDMI port on the v2 G-SYNC module has a flat 60 Hz at all resolutions. While many 144 Hz monitors (particularly older ones) are limited to 60 Hz at full resolution over HDMI, this is usually due to a simple bandwidth limit of the hardware. The manufacturer would choose to implement an HDMI controller that was only capable of up to ≈150 Mpx/s, which was only enough for 60 Hz at 1080p. However, since it was only a matter of limited bandwidth, higher refresh rates could still be achieved over HDMI by lowering the resolution. Usually something like 720p (which has less than half as many pixels as 1080p) would be enough to get 120 Hz.

     

    However, the G-SYNC module seems to have a software restriction which actually enforces a strict 60 Hz limit over HDMI at all resolutions, regardless of bandwidth. The monitor does work at up to 60 Hz at 2560×1440 over HDMI, so it supports at least that much bandwidth, but when attempting higher refresh rates at a lower resolution such as 1080p 120 Hz, 100 Hz, and even 75 Hz, it only resulted in a black screen, despite the fact that 1080p 100 Hz and 75 Hz use less bandwidth than 1440p 60 Hz.

     

    This is an unfortunate and seemingly needless software restriction.

     


    Can AMD graphics cards run a G-SYNC monitor at full refresh rate?

    There has been some confusion in the past as to whether G-SYNC monitors will be limited to 60 Hz when using AMD graphics cards. Unsurprisingly there are not very many people with the means to test this, as most people with G-SYNC monitors don't have AMD graphics cards laying around or vice versa, and reviewers haven't thought to test it either (at least to my knowledge).

     

    Fortunately, I have an AMD RX 480 on hand, so I have tested it and found that this monitor (the Dell S2417DG) works perfectly fine, up to its maximum overclock of 1440p 165 Hz, on AMD cards. G-SYNC, of course, is not supported, but there does not appear to be any restriction requiring you to have an NVIDIA graphics card to achieve the full resolution and refresh rate of a G-SYNC monitor.

     

    [TODO: IMG]

     


    G-SYNC Behavior

     

    G-SYNC behavior at low frame rates

     

    Does G-SYNC work through a DisplayPort daisy-chain?

    No. I tested this monitor daisy-chained from a Dell U2414H. The S2417DG was recognized, and worked at up to 1440p 120 Hz (higher refresh rates are not available since it exceeds the bandwidth limitations of DP 1.2 when combined with a 1080p 60 Hz display). However, it was not recognized as a G-SYNC monitor, and the G-SYNC (and ULMB) options were missing from the NVIDIA control panel.

     

    Does G-SYNC work through a DisplayPort MST hub?

    No. I tested this monitor through an Accell K088B-004B two-port DisplayPort 1.2 MST hub. The S2417DG was recognized, and worked at up to 1440p 165 Hz. However, it was not recognized as a G-SYNC monitor, and the G-SYNC (and ULMB) options were missing from the NVIDIA control panel.

     


    ULMB Behavior

     

    ULMB Overview

    ULMB (Ultra-Low Motion Blur) is NVIDIA's implementation of backlight strobing built in to G-SYNC monitors. Backlight strobing is a form of reducing perceived motion blur by eliminating the "sample-and-hold" behavior of LCDs. It makes the screen behave in a manner more similar to CRTs, where the image fades to black shortly after it is drawn. This changes the way that the human eye tracks motion. Backlight strobing does reduce the maximum brightness of the monitor significantly, since the monitor only spends a fraction of the time illuminated, which reduces the total light output of the monitor.

     

    Similar to PWM brightness control, backlight strobing can cause noticeable flickering if the strobing is done at low frequencies. Usually 85 Hz is the recommended minimum for strobing. 85 Hz was a standard refresh frequency in the days of CRTs, where it seems most people stop noticing flickering at or above that level.

     

    PWM brightness control does not achieve the same effect as backlight strobing because the pulses are not synchronized with the monitor's refresh operations, and PWM brightness control usually operates at a much higher frequency than backlight strobing does.

     

    NVIDIA's backlight strobing implementation, ULMB, is only available at 85 Hz, 100 Hz, and 120 Hz.

     

    For technical reasons, ULMB is not compatible with variable refresh technologies like G-SYNC. The user must choose between either ULMB or G-SYNC, they cannot be used at the same time.

     

    Relationship between ULMB Pulse Width setting and actual pulse width

    Monitors often give settings in unitless quantities. The most universal example of this is the "brightness" setting, which most monitors allow you to adjust between "0" and "100", but with no indication of what these numbers actually represent, other than arbitrary relative values.

     

    Since these settings usually go between 0 and 100, many people use the term "percent" when discussing these settings (i.e. "I set the monitor to 50% brightness"). However, some people will recognize that these numbers do not actually represent a percentage of the maximum setting, otherwise a brightness setting of "0" would leave the monitor completely dark. In reality the settings follow an arbitrary (and in some cases, non-linear) curve.

     

    In this case, the same concept is true with the ULMB pulse width setting. The "100" setting does not equate to a 100% pulse width (which would mean no strobing at all). This being the case, I decided to measure the strobe at various settings to determine what the real pulse width was, for curiosity's sake.

     

    The setting behaves differently at different refresh rates; neither the pulse width nor the duty cycle remains the same. The setting is variable between "10" and "100", in increments of 1. The pulse width responds linearly to the setting, meaning that each decrease of 1 in the setting decreases the pulse width by the same amount every time. When set to 100, the pulse width is twice as long as when set to 50, and ten times as long as when set to 10.

     

    Pulse width is often represented in terms of the duty cycle, which is the pulse width as a percentage of the total period. For example, at 100 Hz a single period would be 10 ms. A pulse width of 2 ms would be 20% of a single period, or a 20% duty cycle.

     

    Results:

    • At 120 Hz, the pulse width was configurable between 2.22% (185 µs) at pulse width setting "10", and 22.1% (1.84 ms) at pulse width setting "100".
    • At 100 Hz, the pulse width was configurable between 2.44% (244 µs) at "10", and 24.1% (2.41 ms) at "100".
    • At 85 Hz, the pulse width varied between 3.03% (356 µs) at "10" and 30.1% (3.55 ms) at "100".

    Actual measurements at every interval of 10 may be viewed here: [TODO: ALBUM]

     

    Brightness reduction when using ULMB

    Lowering the strobe duty cycle will reduce the total light output of the monitor, which reduces the overall brightness. Brightness is directly proportional to strobe duty cycle; cutting the duty cycle in half will cut the brightness in half.

     

    Since the monitor uses DC brightness control, it has a "100% duty cycle" when not in ULMB mode. Activating ULMB will reduce the brightness significantly from the monitor's maximum, since the duty cycle will drop to 30% or less. This is not as much of a problem as it might sound like, since the monitor has a powerful backlight capable of excessively high brightness (well over 400 cd/m2), presumably for this exact reason. Even 20% of maximum brightness will be enough for most users, and most people will not have the brightness set anywhere near maximum in normal mode. The monitor also keeps separate brightness settings when switching between normal and ULMB mode.

     

    Can ULMB be used with AMD graphics cards?

    No. The ULMB settings in the monitor's internal menu are greyed out in any situation where the monitor isn't recognized as a G-SYNC monitor, including when the monitor is attached to an AMD graphics card. ULMB must be enabled through the NVIDIA control panel, and the monitor will not show up in the NVIDIA control panel unless the monitor is plugged into an NVIDIA graphics card.

     

    Does ULMB work through a DisplayPort daisy-chain?

    No. I tested this monitor daisy-chained from a Dell U2414H. The S2417DG was recognized, and worked at up to 1440p 120 Hz (higher refresh rates are not available since it exceeds the bandwidth limitations of DP 1.2 when combined with a 1080p 60 Hz display). However, it was not recognized as a G-SYNC monitor, and the G-SYNC (and ULMB) options were missing from the NVIDIA control panel. The ULMB settings were also greyed out in the monitor's internal menu.

     

    Does ULMB work through a DisplayPort MST hub?

    No. I tested this monitor through an Accell K088B-004B two-port DisplayPort 1.2 MST hub. The S2417DG was recognized, and worked at up to 1440p 165 Hz. However, it was not recognized as a G-SYNC monitor, and the G-SYNC (and ULMB) options were missing from the NVIDIA control panel. The ULMB settings were also greyed out in the monitor's internal menu.

     

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    ABOUT

    Release TRIO is a pre-release that we have worked on since 01/16/18. We still haven't finished the program, which uses HTML, but we are constantly working on it. When we have free time, we get our computers and start to work on this. Release version 0.2.8 should be up very soon. 

     

    FEATURES

    The HTML program, as of TRIO release, has built in audio playing straight from the page without opening a new tab, embedded videos straight from our drives (There was some TechQuickie in there, but due to GitHub size limitations, the videos did not show up), PDF file viewing (still working on embed codes, they keep messing up), and Nav bars?(team idea)

     

    SUPPORTED DEVICES 

    So far, we have found every device to support it, but if you have an android Root server, music links may not open.

     

    LINK

    https://github.com/HpTechTips/Removable-HTML5-File-Explorer

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    Hey guys,

     

    This is the pc I bought which got me into PC's and flipping them. I got this pc for 110 dollars.  It came with a keyboard, mouse, Logitech speakers, and monitor. This was when I barely knew that I could take the side cover off a computer. I really liked this computer, it had an i7 and to me, at the time I thought i7 was the best. I didn't even know there were different version and generations of the i7. Here is how this Hp Pavilion made me money. Before I sold the computer I gave it a fresh install of windows 10 because the previous owner didn't delete everything from it and I had to learn to do that. I ended up selling the computer for 130 dollars and just the tower nothing else. The reason I sold it was I picked up 30 dollar gaming rig which I was told worked, but once I sold this one. I got home and plugged it into the computer wouldn't show up on the monitor long story short it ended up just being the graphics card and I swapped it for a new one. I tried new cables and everything none of it worked besides a graphics card. In the end, I got to keep a monitor, keyboard, speakers, a mouse, and 20 dollars. This computer is was a real decent computer and did everything I wanted it too. I would recommend to anyone trying to just surf the web, watch videos, and even some light gaming. This PC could handle a lot more if it had an upgraded graphics card and maybe a power supply. The computer came with MSRP of $1,099.99 dollars. The computer started off with windows 7, but somewhere along the long it was upgraded to windows 10. It was really neat to learn from this computer and see what I would want/need in my next pc. Since this was such a base model computer, it showed and made me appreciate higher end rigs. This also goes to show you that anyone can really flip PC's and it's not hard to do at all. 

     

    Hp Pavilion Elite e9270f

    CPU: Intel Core I7 860 2.8 GHz MAX: 3.46 GHz

    RAM: 8GB 4x2GB MAX:16GB

    HDD: 1TB

    GPU: ATI Radeon HD4650

    PSU: 350W

    MOTHERBOARD: MSI MS-7613

     

     

    Hope you enjoy this little pc flip, catch you later! :) 

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    Two 3D models have been created, a shack and a small desk. The desk needs to be enlarged, but is otherwise fine.

    Desk.stl

    Main Shack.stl

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    TheChosenOne113
    Latest Entry

    Case:
    Cougar MG110

     

    GPU:
    MSI GeForce GTX 1070 DirectX 12 GTX 1070 AERO ITX 8G OC 8GB 256-Bit GDDR5 PCI Express 3.0 x16 HDCP Ready SLI Support Video Card

     

    Motherboard:
    MSI A68HM-E33 V2 FM2+ AMD A68H SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.0 HDMI Micro ATX AMD Motherboard

     

    RAM:
    G.SKILL 1GB 184-Pin DDR SDRAM DDR 400 (PC 3200) Desktop Memory Model F1-3200PHU1-1GBNS

     

    Sound Card:
    Creative Sound BlasterX AE-5 7.1 Channels 32-bit 384 KHz Sound Card

     

    CPU:
    Intel Core i7-7820X Skylake-X 8-Core 3.6 GHz LGA 2066 140W BX80673I77820X Desktop Processor

     

    SSD:
    SAMSUNG 850 EVO 2.5" 500GB SATA III 3D NAND Internal Solid State Drive (SSD) MZ-75E500B/AM

     

    Disc Drive:
    Pioneer BDR-XS06 External Slim Blu-Ray 6X USB 3.0 Writer Drive

     

    Internal Power Cable:
    SilverStone All Black Sleeved 1-to-2 Sleeved PWM Fan Splitter Cable (CPF01)

     

    SATA/eSATA Cables:
    18": Coboc Model SC-SATA3-18-BK 18" SATA III 6Gb/s Data Cable

    36": Coboc Model SC-SATA3-36 36" 90 Degree(Right Angle) SATA III 6Gb/s Data Cable

  11. DeathFromAbove98
    Latest Entry

    At the beginning of the month I decided I needed to actually build my fist gaming PC. Previously I was using a terrible laptop. 

     

    All I want to do with this blog post is get some thoughts on my config.

     

    CPU: Ryzen 7 1800x

    GPU: nVidia GeForce GTX 1080

    RAM: Basilisx Elite 8 Gb (2x4)

    Motherboard: ASRock Fatal1ty X370 Gaming K4

    Case: NZXT S340

    PSU: EVGA SuperNOVA G2 550W Fully Modular

    Wireless NIC: Edimax - EW-7822PIC

    CPU Cooler: Deepcool Captain 240 EX

    Storage:

         Boot Drive: Intel - 530 Series 80GB

         Games Storage: Samsung - 850 EVO-Series 250GB x2

         Main Storage: Seagate - BarraCuda 1TB

         Archive/Backups: Western Digital - Red 3TB x2

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    A little bit about myself.

    My name is Shaun my nickname is Witchart. I am 44 years of age and I have been using witchart as my nickname for over 30 years. Do you remember CB radios?. Well, witchart was my handle and I still use it today.

     

    Over the last 20 years, I have built hundreds of Pc's for friends and family also myself but they have always been your cheap office type and sometimes a cheap gaming pcs. Nothing that looked really good and defiantly no water cooling or RGB.

     

    NightWalker

     

    I decided to build Nightwalker after hearing about the new Xbox X coming out. I was impressed with the specs and thought yes I want one. I have never owned a console before it just seems so powerful I thought it would beat most PC's (I had not looked into the latest gaming tech for PC's for over 10 years) I was really out of the loop, I delved into the Net and started to do some research.

    Within 10 minutes I knew I wasn't going to buy an Xbox, no it was going to cost me a lot more money but I was thunderstruck to see what was out there and how gaming on the pc was thriving.

     

    After a little discussion with the wife, That's all I am saying.

    Research started. My first port of call was YouTube I was looking at other peoples personal builds to help inspire me. Wile, I was churning through YouTube I came across a vid titled 4 gamers one pc, I thought that sounds mad had to watch it. I thought it was cool. That was the first vid I watched from LinusTEch tips. I don't miss a vid now.

     

    After a few weeks of research, I was finally was happy with My parts list. And decided to dig deep into my pockets and start spending.

    I managed to save around £300 pound just by shopping around and also managed to get a coupon from MSI for 30% off any graphics card.

     

    Parts list

     

    Case Thermaltake core p5.

     

    Wasn't sure what colour to go for, I decided the snow addition would be cool I didn't order this online I went to my local pc tech store. Unfortunately, they had just sold the last one. I wasn't waiting until they had replenished their stock so I purchased the black one instead. Which I regret now. I feel a paint job coming on in the near future but for now it I'll do.

     

    PSU Fractal design 550w.

     

    550w PSU should do nicely for my system the only reason I decided on the Fractal design PSU is that I already had the Fractal Design Kelvin S36 AIO cooler.

     

    Motherboard MSI X370 Gaming pro Carbon

     

    Trust me I found choosing the motherboard to be the hardest choice I had to make. It was between three Mboard and the Carbon one because I found it on Scan.com for £120 really good deal back then.

     

    CPU Ryzen 5 1600x

     

    I Think the last time I built an Amd Machines it was a K6-2. I was really impressed with what I had learnt about the Ryzen CPU family. NightWalker is not just for playing games I spend Loads of time in Photoshop and other CPU demanding applications, so going for a CPU that has 6 cores 12 thread for just under £220 Yes I did it, I was the proud owner of a 1600x Get in.

     

    Memory Adata XPG 4gig x 2 3000mhz

     

    Idiot Idiot idiot I did not buy XPG 3000mhz no I got 2400mhz I must have pressed on the wrong link once again Idiot, At the moment I have overclocked it to 2666 which seems to be ok but will be upgrading to 16 gigs I will then sell on my 24000mhz ram on eBay.

     

    Cooling Kelvin S36 AIO.

     

    I really liked the idea of water cooling Nightwalker, well the CPU at least and I like overkill so Kelvin S36 AIO was my choice I liked the look of it and I also know its not the best but it would be good enough for my Ryzen and also you can add to it, cool That didn't take me long sins it would not fit in my Core P5 without been at least extended, so some soft tubing and red cooling fluid was needed.

     

    Graphics card Msi GTX 1070 Armor

     

    The sweet spot well for me at least, money was an issue but also with a coupon from MSI giving 30% off any Graphics card of there's that is. The only one I really liked the look of and would fit in this build was The armor and sins you can get a GTX 1050 up to 1080 TI in that style I thought 1070 would be quick and smooth enough for the price. I was going to get 1060 before I got the coupon from MSI.

     

    Storage Adata 256gig SSD and a 4TB Seagate HD

     

    These drive were not new I pillaged them out of another computer I had knocking around but will be buying m.2 sometime in the future.

     

    To help brighten Nightwalker up RGBRGBRGBRGB may be a little rgb I think you get the message. I also thought it would be good to have some black light thrown in for good measures as well. 8 Cold cathode UV 100mm tubes YES.

    I didn't really like the look of the cables that come with the Fractal design PSU so I went online and got some white extensions, they look so much better.

     

    I think its time to show you how She (always she just like My car) is getting on. Not finished yet I will be adding a hard tube loop after Christmas whooo cant wait.

     

    I nearly forgot to mention some little cheap toys crawling all over her just for fun.

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  12. With an average internet connection speed of 6.5 Mbps (IPv4), India has secured a global rank of 89 in broadband internet speed as per the State of the Internet for the first quarter of 2017 (Q1) connectivity report. The report has been released by Akamai Technologies which is the world’s largest cloud delivery platform; and it shares insight into various digital trends that can be observed globally like internet disruptions, connection speeds and so on. The number is quite below the global average speed of internet connection which is 7.2 Mbps seeing a year-on-year increase of 15 percent.

    For a country that is still climbing the ladder to an improved Digital India, this marks a year-on-year change of 87 percent. Adding to that there is a 42 percent adoption of a 4 Mbps broadband in Quarter 1 of 2017 which offers a year-on-year increase of 81 percent. During the same period, there was also 17 percent adoption of the IPv6.

    While the country that topped the charts boasting average speeds of 28.6 Mbps is South Korea, India stands ahead of China which secured the 91st position but is lagging way behind Sri Lanka with an average speed of 8.5 Mbps. The category of the highest peak connection speed in the first quarter of 2017 was bagged by Singapore at 184.5 Mbps. While when compared to the average broadband connection speeds last year India seems to be climbing up the rank slowly, the country surely has a long way to go.

    Waving a generous goodbye to the horror of sluggish web browsing, painfully slow downloads, incessantly interrupted catch-up TV and so on is easy especially now that users have the option of availing the faster and better v-fiber broadband. Without getting unnecessarily technical, it will suffice for you to know that compared to traditional ADSL internet, fiber broadband is way faster than using fiber optic cables to circulate data resulting in an broadband connection that is much speedier and more reliable. It not only facilitates fast download, upload, streaming etc. the extra speed you get is also ideal for a household that has a large number of people using the same broadband across multiple devices.

    Hence, if you are stuck with maximum standard speeds of something around 17 Mbps, you must know that you can totally get an internet speed of up to 100 Mbps. Network service providers like Airtel has launched something called V-Fiber which promises to provide superfast data speeds over the network’s existing internet connection. Upgrading to V-Fiber is also a convenient process with a quick modem upgrade without any change of wiring required in your home. You may need to change the modem though.

    As India benefits from the progress made on the availability of improved bandwidth and speeds, Indians stand to benefit from the affordability of it all with leading network connections lining up to offer the best broadband plans for the best user experience.

  13. Guess this oughta exist.

    Counting Paramount tapes only, no specific variant within that realm.

     

    Regular Holiday Specials:

    A Charlie Brown Christmas - ✓ (1998 print)

    It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown - ✓ (2000 reprint of 1997 tape)

    A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving - ✗

    Be My Valentine, Charlie Brown - ✗

    It's the Easter Beagle, Charlie Brown - ✓ (2001 reprint of 1994? tape)

    Happy New Year, Charlie Brown - ✓ (1996 print)

     

    Series of Releases:

    Snoopy Double Feature: 

    • You're the Greatest, Charlie Brown and Snoopy's Reunion - ✓ (original Paramount Communications tape, 1994 print)
    • He's Your Dog, Charlie Brown and It's Flashbeagle, Charlie Brown - ✗
    • You're in Love, Charlie Brown and It's Your First Kiss, Charlie Brown - ✗
    • What a Nightmare, Charlie Brown and It's Magic, Charlie Brown - ✓ (1998 print)
    • There's No Time for Love, Charlie Brown and Someday You'll Find Her, Charlie Brown - ✗
    • Life's a Circus, Charlie Brown and Snoopy's Getting Married, Charlie Brown - ✗
    • Charlie Brown's All-Stars! and It's Spring Training, Charlie Brown - ✗
    • You're Not Elected, Charlie Brown and It Was a Short Summer, Charlie Brown - ✗

    The Charlie Brown and Snoopy Show:

    • Volume 1 - ✗ [You Can't Win, Charlie Brown and Linus' Security Blanket episodes]
    • Volume 2 - ✗ [Snoopy's Cat Fight and Linus and Lucy episodes]
    • Volume 3 - ✓ [Snoopy: Man's Best Friend and The Lost Ballpark episodes] (2003 reprint of 1994 tape; missing slip cover)
    • Volume 4 - ✗ [Snoopy: Team Manager and Lucy Loves Schroeder episodes]
    • Volume 5 - ✗ [Snoopy the Psychiatrist and Lucy vs. the World episodes]
    • Volume 6 - ✗ [Snoopy's Football Career and Chaos in the Classroom episodes]
    • Volume 7 - ✗ [It's That Team Spirit, Charlie Brown and Snoopy and the Giant episodes]
    • Volume 8 - ✗ [Snoopy's Brother Spike and Snoopy's Robot episodes]
    • Volume 9 - ✗ [Peppermint Patty's School Days and Sally's Sweet Babboo episodes]
    • Volumes 1 and 2 - ✗ [You Can't Win, Charlie Brown, Linus' Security Blanket, Snoopy's Cat Fight and Linus and Lucy episodes; rental exclusive?]

    This is America, Charlie Brown:

    • Volume 1: The Great Inventors - ✗
    • Volume 2: The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk - ✗
    • Volume 3: The Building of the Transcontinental Railroad - ✗
    • Volume 4: The Mayflower Voyagers - ✗
    • Volume 5: The NASA Space Station - ✗
    • Volume 6: The Birth of the Constitution - ✗
    • Volume 7: The Smithsonian and the Presidency - ✗
    • Volume 8: The Music and Heroes of America - ✗

     

    Initial Paramount Releases:

    It Was My Best Birthday Ever, Charlie Brown - ✓

    It's the Pied Piper, Charlie Brown - ✓ (English and Spanish clamshell covers, Spanish cover includes English tape)

    A Charlie Brown Valentine - ✗

    Lucy Must Be Traded, Charlie Brown - ✗

    I Want a Dog for Christmas, Charlie Brown - ✗

     

    Movies:

    A Boy Named Charlie Brown - ✗

    Snoopy Come Home - ✗ (Fox print; I need the Paramount print)

    Race for Your Life, Charlie Brown - ✓ (1999 reprint of 1994? tape)

    Bon Voyage, Charlie Brown (and Don't Come Back!) - ✓ (however, I would like to get a later print; this is the 1985 Gulf and Western print)

     

    Other Paramount Tapes:

    Empty until further notice.

     

    One-off Specials and Musicals:

    You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown - ✗

    Snoopy the Musical - ✗

    The Big Stuffed Dog - ✗

    It's the Girl in the Red Truck, Charlie Brown - ✗

    You Don't Look 40, Charlie Brown - ✗

     

    Edit log:

    December 10th - Added episodes for Volume 8 of The Charlie Brown and Snoopy Show

    December 11th - Added another Snoopy Double Feature tape (Charlie Brown's All-Stars! and It's Spring Training, Charlie Brown)

    December 11th R2 - Added yet another Snoopy Double Feature tape (You're Not Elected, Charlie Brown and It Was a Short Summer, Charlie Brown)

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    Purchased OVH Australian Server when I started my business.

     

    CPU:  Intel  Xeon E3-1245v5 - 4c/8t - 3.5GHz /3.9GHz
    RAM:  32GB DDR4 ECC 2133 MHz
    Disks:  SoftRAID  2x2TB 
     
    It's great to have an affordable on-shore server now but it kind of sucks knowing for the same price I could get the same server but with unlimited bandwidth and with 64 gigs of RAM. :(
     
    I really do hate Australia's internet. D:
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    L.Lawliet
    Latest Entry

    3.A Tale Of Two Sisters

    a_tale_of_two_sisters_movie_poster.jpg

     

    Synopsis

    Spoiler

    I just finished this movie and actually what inspired me to create this blog.
    My english arent so good so i'll just have to give u the synopsis from google.

    After being institutionalized in a mental hospital, Korean teen Su-mi (Yeom Jeong-ah) reunites with her beloved sister, Su-yeon (Su-jeong Lim), and they return to live at their country home. The girls' widower father (Mun Geun-yeong) has remarried, and the siblings are immediately resentful of his new wife, Eun-joo (Kap-su Kim). As Su-mi and Su-yeon try to resume their regular lives, strange events plague the house, leading to surprising revelations and a shocking conclusion.

     

    HOWEVER that is not what happening, That is far from the truth.
    The synopsis will programs the placebo in your brain into thinking that is actually whats happen.
    I must say even thought this movie is not as complicated as the wailing.
    U'll still have to replay this movie to understand whats going on.
    So here's what happen Your protagonist is Su-Mi a young girl who has been diagnosed with Nervous Breakdown after her only Beautiful cute sweet little sister died.
    And yes Ghost are involved in this movie but its none of your boring ghost stories like the grudge series.
    I give this movie 9/10

     

  14. In the modern world, privacy is an integral aspect of everyday life. This is particularly true in the privacy of your own home. At work, in public and in other areas of your life the idea that someone may be monitoring you is almost to be expected; it’s an important part of public safety in most cases. However, at home, you expect some level of control over your own life.

     

    In which case, the idea that your microwave could be used to spy on you is not a comforting thought. You might be able to excuse your knives and forks from suspicion (for now), but there are plenty of other devices in your home which could be guilty of being more than a useful household necessity.

     

    So, behind closed doors what innocuous home devices could actually be hiding a more nefarious purpose?

     

    1) Smartphone

     

    As one of the necessities in life, the smartphone is essential for many people, after all who is reading this on their smartphone right now or has it close at hand at least? This makes it a prime target for hackers or spies to keep tabs or outright spy on you, both at home and at large. Traditionally, this was through the physical use of the phone. The microphone is a necessity, clearly, but if your phone is hacked whole conversations could be at risk.

     

    More technology-minded hackers could monitor or pull information using the smart features of your phone. With interconnected apps, your private information is shared in an intricate web throughout the device. Of course, app development is keenly aware of this in 2017 and strives to protect your data as much as possible.

     

    2) Modem

     

    Living without the internet is something many people struggle with, but could you do it if you thought your modem had been hacked? As the bringer of internet and Wi-Fi throughout your home, perhaps your modem should be the prime suspect when it comes to household device spies.

     

    3) Video Games

     

    The internet is essential for many things in your home. Including your entertainment such as gaming. Whether using your desktop or a console, the internet is vital to your gaming experience and thus it can also make your device a very effective spy. Whether to track your spending habits, how long you game each week, what you play or even as a way to access your payment details (as with the PlayStation hack in 2011), your gaming devices can be worse than spies!

     

    4) Fridges

     

    Yes, even your fridge has a microphone in 2017. Now spies around the world can listen to your milk sour in brilliant high definition.

     

    5) Baby Monitors

     

    Here’s a plot twist the likes of a prime-time television episode, using your own spying devices to spy on you. Depending on if you use a sound or video monitor, it can be hacked to listen in or worse to some of the most intimate scenes of your life.

     

    6) Toys

     

    Along the same vein, your children could be used to spy on you through the innocent eyes of their favourite dolls. ‘Smart toys’ are becoming more and more prevalent as children’s exposure to technology increases.

     

    7) Entertainment Devices

     

    Wireless sound systems, music streamers (such as the recently retired iPod, RIP) and other such devices can make your home a fun place to be. But, they also become ready-made spying devices in many cases. With microphones and even cameras, they can easily be manipulated to track your listening or viewing habits at home.

     

    8) Lighting

     

    If you have a truly interconnected home then your lighting system could be used to track your habits. With data about when you turn your lights on and off, potential robbers could have all the data that they need to work out when you are out of your home and for how long. Giving them ample time and opportunity to orchestrate a burglary.

     

    It may seem fantastical. But as our homes grow smarter, so too do the methods of infiltration.

     

    9) Security Systems

     

    The device that keeps you safe could also potentially be used against you. Not only can smart burglars use your lighting against you, they can also hack into your security device and outright make your home defenceless. After working out the perfect time you are out of the home and removing the threat of your alarm, your homes smart devices could be gone in one fell sweep.

     

    10) Webcam

     

    One of the biggest warnings of hacking in the early 2000s came surrounding the webcam. Growing in popularity for quick and easy international communication, the webcam connected to your desktop or inbuilt in laptops was suddenly watched around the world by strangers. Or so many believed. Covering of the webcam, then, became commonplace in modern homes. This paranoia passed for the most part, but should it have? The webcam is still a major source of spying potential in your home today.

     

    11) Tea Kettles and Coffee Makers

     

    Convenience is at the heart of many of your modern appliances. So, a coffee machine or tea kettle that springs into action the moment your alarm signals in the morning is the very definition of convenience. This could also be very easily used to monitor your routine and drinking habits.

     

    12) Satnav

     

    Technically outside of the home, but still an important aspect of your everyday life, the Satnav does not contain a microphone. The GPS functionality that is so useful for guiding you to exotic and exciting new places, however, can also be used to track where exactly you are going. From work to home to the local supermarket, your every move could potentially be recorded.

     

    13) Pacemakers

     

    Your house can be hacked, so why not your body? As an electrical device, a pacemaker is as hackable as a computer according to some. Not many consider the fact that someone may hack into a pacemaker and so the security functions of the devices are not as sophisticated as they could possibly be.

     

    14) Smart TVs

     

    Watching an episode of your favourite show has never been riskier. With internet capabilities, social media uploading and streaming your TV is no longer the safe household device of yesteryear. Its smart capabilities make it a perfect device to monitor for big corporations behind the television and movies. They can monitor your watching habits on a mass scale, meaning they can then tailor their content to match what the majority of their viewers want.

     

    Not only can Hollywood keep on eye on you, but it’s a perfect location for bugs. In fact, some government agencies have reportedly already worked out how to do so already!

     

    15) Alexa

     

    Of course, the most infamous example of a device that is most definitely spying on you in your own home: Alexa. Also known as the Amazon Echo, this nifty little home helper has been making headlines recently thanks to a number of robotic mishaps. From granting the wish of cuddly toys to small children to answering any question that may spring to mind, for example, “what is the traffic like this morning, Alexa?” The device is equal parts helpful and equally as intrusive.

     

    With built-in Wi-Fi, speakers and several microphones, not only can you hear this device, it can hear you. With its built in connection to The Cloud this feature used to hear you from all areas of a room could be used by hackers as well as Alexa to hear your every word. A feature which makes Alexa a prime suspect in the home appliance spy game.


     

    Overall, the more modern our homes become, the more potential there is to create an opportunity for people to spy. Of course, anyone listening in might not gain much from your constant chats with your pet's about their lack of contribution to the household. Unless you’re an important diplomat or a spy yourself, your microwave listening to you might not be a worry you have to face.

     

    Still, best keep an eye on the toaster just in case.


     

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